Vittorio Emanuele I, King of Sardinia
|born on||24 July 1759 at 10:30 (= 10:30 AM )|
|Place||Turin, Italy, 45n03, 7e40|
|Timezone||LMT m7e40 (is local mean time)|
|Astrology data||01°04' 04°10 Asc. 07°04'|
Italian royalty, the Duke of Savoy and King of Sardinia (1802–1821).
He was the second son of King Victor Amadeus III of Sardinia and Maria Antonietta of Spain, daughter of King Philip V of Spain and Elisabeth Farnese.
Victor Emmanuel was known from birth as the Duke of Aosta. He took the throne of Sardinia on 4 June 1802 as Victor Emmanuel I. He ruled Sardinia from Cagliari for the next twelve years, during which time he constituted the Carabinieri, a Gendarmerie corps, still existing as one of the main branches of the military of Italy.
Victor Emmanuel could return to Turin only in 1814, his realm reconstituted by the Congress of Vienna with the addition of the territories of the former Republic of Genoa. The latter became the seat of the Sardinian Navy. Victor Emmanuel abolished all the freedoms granted by the Napoleonic Codices and restored a fiercely oppressive rule: He refused any concession of a constitution, entrusted the instruction to the Church and reintroduced the persecutions against Jews and Waldensians.
After the outbreak of the liberal revolution in his lands in 1821, he abdicated in favour of his brother, Charles Felix.
On 21 April 1789, he married Archduchess Maria Teresa of Austria-Este, daughter of Ferdinand, Duke of Modena (who was the son of Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor). They had six daughters and one son.
Victor Emanuel died in the Castle of Moncalieri on 10 January 1824.
Sy Scholfield quotes "The Universal chronicle, or, Weekly Gazette," edited by Samuel Johnson, 11-18 August 1759, p. 262: "Thursday, August 16. Turin, July 25. Yesterday morning, between ten and eleven o'clock, her Royal Highness was safely delivered of a Prince [London Gazette]."
- Notable : Famous : Royal family (Sardinia)