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Toyen Gender: F
Marie Cermínová
born on 21 September 1902 at 18:00 (= 6:00 PM )
Place Prague, Czech Republic, 50n05, 14e26
Timezone MET h1e (is standard time)
Data source
Rodden Rating B
Collector: Scholfield
Astrology data s_su.18.gif s_vircol.18.gif 27°46' s_mo.18.gif s_taucol.18.gif 18°25 Asc.s_piscol.18.gif 27°53'



Czech painter, draftsperson and illustrator and a member of the surrealist movement.

From 1919 to 1920, she attended the School of Decorative Arts in Prague. She worked closely with fellow Surrealist poet and artist Jindřich Štyrský until his death. In the early 1920s she travelled to Paris, and soon returned there with Štyrský. While living in Paris, the two founded an artistic alternative to Abstraction and Surrealism, which they dubbed Artificialism. They returned to Prague in 1928.

She referred to herself in the masculine case. Her sketches, book illustrations, and paintings were frequently erotic. She contributed sketches for Styrsky's Erotika Revue (1930–33) on several occasions. She also illustrated Marquis de Sade's Justine of which Styrsky was the Czech publisher.

Toyen and Štyrský gradually grew more interested in Surrealism and they founded the Czech Surrealist Group along with other artists and writers.

Forced underground during the Nazi occupation and Second World War, she and her second artistic partner, Jindřich Heisler, fled to Paris before the Communist takeover of Czechoslovakia (1948). She worked with André Breton, Benjamin Péret, and other surrealists.

She died on November 9, 1980 in Paris.

Link to Wikipedia biography



Source Notes

Sy Scholfield quotes "Bilan de l'art actuel" (1953?),, p. 324: "Toyen est née à Prague, le dimanche 21 septembre 1902, à 6 h. du soir."


  • Vocation : Art : Fine art artist (painter)