Shcharansky, Anatoly

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Portrait of Anatoly Shcharansky (click to view image source)
Anatoly Shcharansky
(to view image author and license, click here)
Name
Shcharansky, Anatoly Gender: M
born on 20 January 1948 at 00:30 (= 12:30 AM )
Place Moscow, Russia, 55n45, 37e35
Timezone BGT h3e (is standard time)
Data source
Bio/autobiography
Rodden Rating B
Collector: Rodden
Astrology data s_su.18.gif s_capcol.18.gif 28°44' s_mo.18.gif s_taucol.18.gif 03°38 Asc.s_libcol.18.gif 18°47'



Biography

Russian activist and human rights advocate. His arrest and imprisonment at the hands of the KGB was detailed in the 1988 release of his book, "Fear No Evil."

The son of a Communist Party member who worked on the Party newspaper, as a youth, Shcharansky was a Komsomol member. From 1966 to 1972, he studied mathematics and computer programming, and he graduated with a degree in Computer Sciences from the Physical Technical Institute in Moscow. He worked in Moscow as a computer specialist for the Institute of Oil and Gas for a time, but in 1973, he applied for permission to immigrate to Israel. His request brought an onslaught of harassment from the KGB, and in 1975, he was fired from his job.

Fluent in English, Shcharansky became a spokesperson for the dissidents and refuseniks in his country and contacted many Western correspondents in an effort to further the cause. On 3/15/1977, the KGB arrested him and accused him of espionage and treason. In 1978, he was secretly put on trial, found guilty of the groundless charges and sentenced to 13 years in prison. On 2/11/1986, after pleas from then U.S. President Jimmy Carter, he was released in a prisoner exchange and allowed to go to Israel. A few months later, his mother, brother and his brother’s family were allowed to emigrate as well. Despite the horrible conditions during his prison years, Shcharansky’s spirit could not be broken, and he found comfort in reading a book of David’s Psalms, in particular the psalm that said "fear no evil." He commented on his time of imprisonment by saying, "Evil comes to you in different forms, and even freedom comes in different forms. You always have to test yourself."

In May 1988, he was elected president of the Zionist forum in Israel, and he began lobbying on behalf of immigrants from the former Soviet Union. This led to the creation of a new political party, the "Yisrael Ba-Aliya," on 6/07/1995, and in June 1996, he was appointed as Minister of Industry and Trade.

Shcharansky married Natalya Sitglitz in 1974; she was allowed to emigrate one day after their marriage. Settled in Israel, she adopted the Hebrew name "Avital," and during her travels abroad, she outspokenly championed his cause.

Link to Wikipedia biography

Events

  • Social : Begin a program of study 1966 at 12:00 midnight in Moscow, Russia (Physical Technical Institute in Moscow)
  • Social : End a program of study 1972 at 12:00 midnight in Moscow, Russia (Degree in Computer Sciences)
  • Social : Change of Lifestyle 1973 (Applied to immigrate to Isreal)
  • Work : Fired/Laid off/Quit 1975 (Fired)
  • Crime : Arrest 15 March 1977 (Suspected of espionage and treason)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Crime : Trial dates 1978 (Secret)
  • Social : Institutionalized - prison, hospital 1978 (13 years in prison)
  • Social : Deinstitutionalized - prison, hospital 11 February 1986 (Released from prison)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Family : Change residence 1986 (Immigrated to Israel)
  • Work : New Job 1988 (Pres. of Zionist Forum)
  • Social : Joined group 5 June 1995 (Yisrael Ba-Aliya created)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Work : New Job June 1996 (Minister of Industry and Trade)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Relationship : Marriage 1974 (Natalya Sitglitz)

Source Notes

Aaron Fischer quotes Martin Gilbert, "Shcharansky, Hero of our Time," Elisabeth Sifton Books, Vioking, 1986, NY, which gives quotations form mom in 1979, "between midnight and one in the morning on the night of the 19th." (Penfield spec 7:00 AM in MH 7-86)

Categories

  • Vocation : Politics : Activist/ political (Human rights)
  • Vocation : Writers : Autobiographer
  • Passions : Criminal Perpetrator : Prison sentence (13 years)
  • Vocation : Politics : Party Affiliation (Yisreal Ba-Aliya)
  • Lifestyle : Home : Expatriate (Russia to Israel)

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