|born on||6 June 1933|
|Place||Buchs (SG), Switzerland, 47n10, 9e2812|
|Timezone||MET h1e (is standard time)|
Swiss physicist and Nobel price winner. He was born half an hour after his twin sister, but their birth time is not known. Rohrer grew up in a rural area of the canton St. Gallen and moved to Zürich with his parents when he was sixteen, in 1949. He studied physics at ETH Zürich (Swiss Federal Institute of Technology), received his diploma in 1955 and graduated in 1960 with a PhD in experimental solid state physics, the subject being length and volume changes at the superconducting phase transition. It was a period of important progress in he understanding of superconduction. After postdoc years in the US he joined the recently founded IBM research laboratory in Rüschlikon, a suburb of Zürich.
[Alois Treindl, the editor of this entry, did his PhD at the same institute of ETH twenty years later, and remembers Rohrer as a frequent and always curious guest in the internal seminars held at the laboratory for solid state physics. He had a modest personality and used to ask highly intelligent questions, whatever the subject.]
At the IBM laboratory he developed the scanning tunneling microscope (STM), together with Gerd Binnig, in 1982. This was the first device creating direct images of matter at the level of individual atoms, by scanning the surface with a fine needle. They received the Nobel prize in physics for this work in 1986.
Rohrer died on 16 May 2013, shortly before his 80th birthday.
- Work : Prize 1986 (nobel prize physics)
birth data from public biography, time of birth not known.
- Vocation : Science : Physics
- Notable : Awards : Nobel prize (physics)