Peter III, Emperor of Russia

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Name
Peter III, Emperor of Russia Gender: M
born on 10 February 1728 Jul.Cal. (21 Feb 1728 greg.) at 12:00 (= 12:00 noon )
Place Kiel, Germany, 54n20, 10e08
Timezone LMT m10e08 (is local mean time)
Data source
Orig source not known
Rodden Rating C
Collector: Taeger
Astrology data s_su.18.gif s_piscol.18.gif 02°08' s_mo.18.gif s_cancol.18.gif 10°27 Asc.s_cancol.18.gif 06°51'



Emperor of Russia Peter III

Biography

Emperor of Russia from Jan. 5, 1762 (Dec. 25, 1761, O.S.), to July 9 (June 28, O.S.), 1762.

Son of Anna, one of Peter I the Great’s daughters, and Charles Frederick, duke of Holstein-Gottorp, the young duke was brought to Russia by his aunt Elizabeth shortly after she became empress of Russia (Dec. 5–6, 1741). Renamed Peter (Pyotr Fyodorovich), he was received into the Russian Orthodox Church (Nov. 18 [Nov. 7, O.S.], 1742) and proclaimed the heir to the Russian throne. On Aug. 21, 1745, he married Sophie Frederike Auguste, a princess from Anhalt-Zerbst, in Germany, who took the name Catherine (Yekaterina Alekseyevna).

Peter, who was mentally feeble and extremely pro-Prussian, not only alienated the affections of his wife soon after their marriage but also failed to gain the favour of politically powerful court cliques. His popularity diminished further after he succeeded Elizabeth and, reversing her foreign policy, made peace with Prussia and withdrew from the Seven Years’ War (1756–63), formed an alliance with Prussia, and prepared to engage Russia in a war against Denmark to help his native Holstein gain control of Schleswig. Even when he relieved the gentry of their obligation to serve the state (March 1, 1762), he did not gain supporters. When he offended the Russian Orthodox Church by trying to force it to adopt Lutheran religious practices and also alienated the imperial guards by making their service requirements more severe and threatening to disband them, Catherine, who suspected that he was planning to divorce her, conspired with her lover Grigory Grigoryevich Orlov and other members of the guard to overthrow him.

On July 9 (June 28, O.S.), 1762, Catherine, with the approval of the guard, the senate, and the church, became Catherine II, empress of Russia. Peter, who was at his residence at Oranienbaum (now Lomonosov), near St. Petersburg, formally abdicated on July 10 (June 29, O.S.); he was arrested and taken to the village of Ropsha, where, while in the custody of one of the conspirators, Aleksey Grigoryevich Orlov, he was killed.


Link to Wikipedia biography

Relationships

Events

Source Notes

Taeger quotes Meridian May 1980, original source unknown

Categories

  • Passions : Criminal Victim : Homicide victim
  • Notable : Famous : Royal family

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