O'Connor, Sandra Day
|born on||26 March 1930 at 01:10 (= 01:10 AM )|
|Place||El Paso, Texas, 31n46, 106w29|
|Timezone||MST h7w (is standard time)|
|Astrology data||04°57' 20°52 Asc. 03°13'|
American attorney and jurist, first female justice on the Supreme Court, elevated to the bench in 1981 and considered one of the most powerful women in America. O’Connor announced her retirement from the Supreme Court on July 1, 2005, effective with the confirmation of her replacement. Although John Roberts was originally nominated to replace her, his name was later offered as replacement of Chief Justice Rehnquist who died on September 3, 2005.
As an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court, O’Connor has often been described as the swing vote in critical cases. Although she is considered a conservative who seeks to limit the federal government’s power over the states, she considers each case on its merits and renders her opinions with a pragmatic approach.
A cattle rancher’s daughter, O’Connor knew some lean years as a child. She claims her experiences on the cattle ranch taught her self-confidence and self-sufficiency, and she learned frugality and self-discipline from her father. An only child until age 8, she credits her dad with modeling for her the importance of having the last word in a discussion. Her mother, a college graduate, stressed education, and Sandra Day graduated from Stanford University magna cum laude with a bachelor’s in economics in 1950, followed by a LL. B. degree from Stanford Law two years later.
In the 1950s, the law profession was not kind to women, even to one who graduated near the top of her class. In 1952, O’Connor took a position in public service as Deputy County Attorney of San Mateo County in California. In 1954, while her husband served in Germany as part of the US Army Judge Advocate General Corps, she worked in Frankfurt as a civilian attorney for Quartermaster Market Center. From 1958-1960 she practiced law in Phoenix and served as Assistant Attorney General of Arizona, but withdrew from work for a few years after the birth of her second son, all the while volunteering at the state bar, charities and civic organizations. One of her sons said, “If my mother is not busy organizing something or giving directions, she’s not happy.”
She got a taste of politics in 1965 when she became assistant state attorney general. Four years later, in 1969, she was appointed to the Arizona State Senate and subsequently was re-elected twice. In 1973, she became the first woman in the US to hold the position of state senate majority leader.
She began her judicial career in the mid-‘70s when she was elected judge of Maricopa County Superior Court. In 1979, then-governor Bruce Babbitt appointed her to the Arizona Court of Appeals. On July 7, 1981, President Reagan announced his intention to nominate her to the Supreme Court. She was confirmed on September 21 that year and sworn in four days later.
O’Connor met her husband John Jay O’Connor III in law school while they were working on the Stanford Law Review; they married in 1952 and have three sons, born in 1957, 1960 and 1962 respectively. She was diagnosed with breast cancer in 1988 and continued to work through her treatment. In 2000, she and her brother wrote a book about their childhood “Lazy B: Growing up on a Cattle Ranch in the American Southwest,” and two years later, in 2002, she was inducted into the National Cowgirl Hall of Fame. An avid golfer, she finds time to write when she’s not otherwise engaged, and in 2005, she wrote a children’s book entitled “Chico.”
- associate relationship with Breyer, Stephen (born 15 August 1938)
- associate relationship with Ginsburg, Ruth Bader (born 15 March 1933)
- associate relationship with Kennedy, Anthony (born 23 July 1936)
- associate relationship with Rehnquist, William (born 1 October 1924)
- associate relationship with Scalia, Antonin (born 11 March 1936)
- associate relationship with Souter, David (born 17 September 1939)
- associate relationship with Thomas, Clarence (born 23 June 1948)
- benefactor relationship with Reagan, Ronald (born 6 February 1911)
- Work : New Career 1952 (In law)
- Work : Gain social status 1969 (Elected to the state congress)
- Health : Medical diagnosis 1988 (Breast cancer)
- Work : Published/ Exhibited/ Released 2002 (Memoir, "Lazy B," co-authored with her brother)
- Work : Published/ Exhibited/ Released 2005 ("Chico")
PT quotes birth certificate in hand. Previously, source notes cited Marion March for time unknown; daughter of Harry A. and Ada May Wilkey. (Edith Custer had Phoenix, AZ. Marc Penfield quotes Judy Johns for late night, Sag rising, spec.)
- Diagnoses : Major Diseases : Cancer (Breast cancer)
- Family : Childhood : Order of birth (Oldest child)
- Family : Relationship : Marriage more than 15 Yrs (Over 50 years)
- Family : Parenting : Kids 1-3 (Three sons)
- Lifestyle : Work : Same Job more than 10 yrs (On the Supreme Court for over 24 years)
- Vocation : Law : Attorney
- Vocation : Law : Jurist (Supreme Court Judge)
- Vocation : Politics : Public office (State congress)
- Vocation : Writers : Autobiographer (Memoir of her childhood)
- Vocation : Writers : Children's literature