Nero, Roman Emperor

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Portrait of Roman Emperor Nero (click to view image source)
Roman Emperor Nero
(to view image author and license, click here)
Name
Nero, Roman Emperor Gender: M
Lucius Domitius Ahenobarbus
born on 15 December 37 CE Jul.Cal. at 07:30 (= 07:30 AM )
Place Anzio, Italy, 41n27, 12e37
Timezone LMT m12e37 (is local mean time)
Data source
Bio/autobiography
Rodden Rating B
Collector: atr
Astrology data s_su.18.gif s_sagcol.18.gif 22°22' s_mo.18.gif s_leocol.18.gif 12°28 Asc.s_sagcol.18.gif 22°28'



Biography

Roman Emperor from 54 to 68, and the last in the Julio-Claudian dynasty. Nero was adopted by his great-uncle Claudius to become his heir and successor, and succeeded to the throne in 54 following Claudius' death. During his reign, Nero focused much of his attention on diplomacy, trade, and enhancing the cultural life of the Empire. He ordered theaters built and promoted athletic games. During his reign, the redoubtable general Corbulo conducted a successful war and negotiated peace with the Parthian Empire. His general Suetonius Paulinus crushed a revolt in Britain and also annexed the Bosporan Kingdom to the Empire, beginning the First Roman–Jewish War.

In 64, most of Rome was destroyed in the Great Fire of Rome, which many Romans believed Nero himself had started in order to clear land for his planned palatial complex, the Domus Aurea. In 68, the rebellion of Vindex in Gaul and later the acclamation of Galba in Hispania drove Nero from the throne. Facing assassination, he committed suicide on 9 June 68. His death ended the Julio-Claudian Dynasty, sparking a brief period of civil wars known as the Year of the Four Emperors. Nero's rule is often associated with tyranny and extravagance. He is known for many executions, including those of his mother and the probable murder by poison of his stepbrother, Britannicus.

He is infamously known as the Emperor who "fiddled while Rome burned", although this is now considered an inaccurate rumor, and as an early persecutor of Christians. He was known for having captured Christians burned in his garden at night for a source of light. This view is based on the writings of Tacitus, Suetonius, and Cassius Dio, the main surviving sources for Nero's reign. Few surviving sources paint Nero in a favorable light. Some sources, though, including some mentioned above, portray him as an emperor who was popular with the common Roman people, especially in the East. The study of Nero is problematic as some modern historians question the reliability of ancient sources when reporting on Nero's tyrannical acts. (from Wikipedia)

Link to Wikipedia biography

Events

  • Death by Suicide 9 June 68 CE Jul.Cal. in Roma (Senate had declared Nero a public enemy. Avoiding execution, he committed suicide by driving a dagger into his throat, assisted by his secretary.)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.

Source Notes

Suetonius, De vita caesarum: "Nero natus est Anti post VIIII. mensem quam Tiberius excessit, XVIII. Kal. Ian. tantum quod exoriente sole, paene ut radiis prius quam terra contingeretur. De genitura eius statim multa et formidulosa multis coiectantibus praesagio fuit": Nero was born at Antium nine months after the death of Tiberius, on the eighteenth day before the Kalends of January, just as the sun rose, so that he was touched by its rays almost before he could be laid upon the ground. Many people at once made many direful predictions from his horoscope.

atr: Times like this have to be considered cum grano salis. Actual local sunrise depends on the local horizon, including hills etc towards the south east. On an ideally flat horizon, the first rays appear a few minutes before the center of the Sun is astronomically at the horizon, due to atmospheric refraction and the size of the solar disk.

Categories

  • Vocation : Politics : Heads of state (emperor)
  • Notable : Famous : Historic figure

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