Messiaen, Olivier

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Portrait of Olivier Messiaen (click to view image source)
Olivier Messiaen
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Name
Messiaen, Olivier Gender: M
born on 10 December 1908 at 23:51 (= 11:51 PM )
Place Avignon, France, 43n57, 4e49
Timezone GMT h0w (is standard time)
Data source
Quoted BC/BR
Rodden Rating AA
Collector: Gauquelin
Astrology data s_su.18.gif s_sagcol.18.gif 18°34' s_mo.18.gif s_cancol.18.gif 24°52 Asc.s_vircol.18.gif 23°45'



Biography

French composer and musician, one of the most influential French composers of the 20th century. A prolific and distinctive composer, he sought to capture in music both the beauty of the natural world and the spiritual secrets of Roman Catholic mysticism. His style drew on everything from bird song (of more than 250 species) to Indian and Balinese rhythmic moces, as well as more conventional forms of Western chromaticism and Serial techniques.

His best-known and most frequently played work is a chamber piece, the "Quartet for the End of Time." Messiaen composed the work in 1940, when he was a prisoner in a German Stalag in Silesia. Using the violin, clarinet, cello and piano, he created a work that described the Apocalypse, in both its terrifying and heavenly manifestations. The work, with Messiaen playing the piano, had its premiere before an audience of 5,000 prisoners.

Messiaen was the son of a professor of literature and a poet. He began composing at the age of seven and entered the Paris Conservatory in 1919. He served as the principal organist at the Church of the Trinity in Paris from 1930 to the early 1970s. He began teaching in 1936 when he joined the faculty of the Ecole Normale de Musique. His career was interrupted by the outbreak of WW II in 1939. He joined the French army and was taken prisoner in 1940.

Released in 1942, Messiaen began teaching harmony at the Paris Conservatory. As a teacher, he exerted considerable influence on such composers as Pierre Boulez and Stockhausen. His classes were legendary for their scope.

One of his early students was pianist Yvonne Loriod, whom he married in 1961, two years after the death of his first wife, Clair Delbos. He had one son, Pascal, with his first marriage.

Messiaen died on 4/27/1992, Paris, France.

Link to Wikipedia biography

Relationships

Events

  • Other Death April 1992 (Died in sleep after operation, age 83)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Work : Begin Major Project 1940 (Composition while imprisoned)
  • Social : Begin a program of study 1919 (Began at Paris Conservatory)
  • Social : Institutionalized - prison, hospital 1940 (Imprisoned, WW II)
  • Work : New Career 1942 (Teaching music, Paris Conservatory)
  • Work : Begin Major Project 1930 (Chief organist, Church of Trinity)
  • Relationship : Marriage 1961 (Second marriage Yvonne Loriad)

Source Notes

Gauquelin Vol 4/2130 (11:00 PM Paris time)

Categories

  • Vocation : Entertain/Music : Instrumentalist (Organ)
  • Vocation : Entertain/Music : Composer/ Arranger
  • Family : Relationship : Number of Marriages (Two)
  • Family : Relationship : Widowed (First wife)
  • Family : Parenting : Kids 1-3 (One)
  • Vocation : Military : POW/ MIA (Two Years)
  • Traits : Mind : Child prodigy (Music)
  • Vocation : Military : Military service (WW II)
  • Passions : Criminal Victim : Concentration camp (Two years)
  • Vocation : Entertain/Music : Music teacher

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