Difference between revisions of "Dali, Salvador"
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|Pbdate=22 February 1900
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Revision as of 06:34, 29 April 2012
|Birthname||Dali i Domenech, Salvador Felipe Jacinto|
|born on||11 May 1904 at 08:45 (= 08:45 AM )|
|Place||Figueras, Spain, 42n16, 2e58|
|Timezone||GMT h0e (is standard time)|
|Astrology data||20°13' 02°28 Asc. 22°15'|
Spanish surrealist painter, original and eccentric, truly one of a kind. He imbued his life with the fertile imagination that he displayed in his art.
The son of a notary, Dali was given the same name as a brother who died at the age of 21 months, nine months and ten days before Salvador's birth. He was given his dead brother's clothes to wear and his toys to play with and reminded that he would never replace the lost sibling. Dali came to believe that he was the reincarnation of this older brother.
From the time he was a toddler Dali was scratching out drawings. He had the first exhibition of his paintings at age 14 in the municipal theater of his home town, Figueras, Spain. Another exhibit followed six months later, bringing critical praise of his talent. His behavior was not socially acceptable, however, and he often attacked other kids in school. Although his teachers found him impossible to deal with, his parents encouraged his attention-getting behavior and approved his narcissism. By the time he was in junior school he was bizarre in his dress and manner as he was in his behavior. At 16, he lost his mother who had adored and indulged him. His dad was already involved with his mother's sister, who lived with the family. They later married but Dali never accepted the situation.
After he was expelled from school, his dad allowed him in 1922 to enroll in the Madrid School of Fine Art. Initially a model student, he soon regarded his contemporaries and tutors both as inferiors. His shyness and fears almost crippled him. Terrified of everything, he was afraid to cross the street by himself and was completely unable to face the challenge of public transportation. He could not buy new shoes because of his phobia about exposing his feet, and he carried talismans to ward off evil spirits. He was expelled twice from the art academy, first in 1924 when he was suspected of rousing his fellow students to revolt, and again a year later for refusing to take an exam. He never obtained his diploma.
While in Madrid, Dali belonged to a group of young Spanish intellectuals and wrote essays, poems, critical analyses and stories as well as painting. He formed two genuine friendships that lasted his lifetime; the wealthy and gifted poet Federico Garcia Lorca and the future filmmaker Luis Buñuel, with whom he made two surrealistic films. Dali’s closeness with the handsome young Lorca was shadowed only by the fact that the homosexual poet wanted a more intimate relationship than the virginal and avowedly heterosexual Dali was willing to explore. (Some accounts state that they had an ill-fated and brief affair.)
Dali’s early canvasses depict the landscape of the Costa Brava, particularly the streets and harbor of Cadaqués and the nearby fishing village of Port Lligat which were to become lifetime themes. In 1927-28 he produced his first dreamscape which would define his ability to transform the world of outer images to reflect his inner world of fantasy and dreams. His 1929 Paris exhibition featured surrealistic, dream-like landscapes and weird images that were gripping and notable. With a personality that was as different as his work, he claimed that he could remember his prenatal experiences and the terrible trauma of birth.
He produced many of his legendary pieces between 1929 and 1939. Dali's picture appeared on the cover of "Time" magazine in 1936 when he was 32 years old. His long, thin mustache waxed into bizarre shapes became a defining image. He traveled around the world with the jet-set crowd, living in the U.S after 1940 and in Spain in his later years. His painting began incorporating a growing fascination with history, religion, and science, some on huge canvasses, and his flair for antics helped gain an international reputation as a talented, witty showman whose often outrageous statements could enchant and sometimes offend his audience. He reportedly once told a woman that he enjoyed eating dates for dessert because his then-sticky fingers could wax his mustache, enabling it to stand erect. When she inquired whether the practice attracted flies, he responded “My most paradisiac moment is when I am lying naked in the sun covered with flies like a piece of carrion.” He went on to differentiate between good flies and bad, announcing that dirty flies “have bellies bulging with mayonnaise.”
Throughout his young adult years, Dali suffered bouts of severe hallucinations and hysteria because he could not find a suitable partner prepared to act out his erotic fantasies. Though his imagination had no boundaries, he found the physical sexual act repellent, and later in life was said to have indulged in auto-eroticism and voyeurism. In 1929 he met Gala*, a Russian woman who left her native country shortly after the beginning of the Revolution. He was dazzled from the moment of their meeting and so besotted that for their second meeting he designed a special "Dali uniform" that included clothing cut to shreds, blood-stained armpits and knees and a noxious smell that he created by mixing fish glue and goat manure. Gala was enchanted. The summer after they met, she and her husband, the French poet Paul Eluard and their nine-year old daughter visited Dali in Spain. The poet and his daughter left alone. Dali married Gala, nine years his senior, in 1934, a marriage that lasted 47 years. She is credited with aggressively taking charge, providing him the tranquil and disciplined framework that allowed him to mature as an artist. She was the love of his life, a combination mother-manager-model. She appeared in many of Dali's later works.
Through his own carelessness, a proliferation of fake paintings attributed to him flooded the art market in the 1970s and 1980s. His marriage was not without reports of quarrels, and Gala began spending much of her time in her own country house where Dali could not go without a written invitation. When Gala died in 1982 at the age of 87, Dali went to pieces. He moved into her home, became a recluse and stopped eating. He dwindled to 98 pounds and, seemingly determined to die, was badly burned when his bed caught on fire. On the verge of insanity, he believed himself unable to stand or swallow and suffered from severe malnutrition. He developed Parkinson's disease and, for the last eight years of his life, suffered the mental deterioration that is symptomatic of Alzheimer's disease.
He rebounded briefly when there was a worldwide fuss over his 80th birthday in 1984. The last passion of his life was the museum Teatro-Museo Dali, the very same but transformed theater where he held his first exhibit at age 14. Dali died on January 23, 1989, at 10:15 AM, in Figueras, Spain.
(*Gala - or Helena Dimitrijewna Djakonowa - is said to have been born on September 7, 1894.)
- friend relationship with Buñuel, Luis (born 22 February 1900)
- lover relationship with Lorca, Federico Garcia (born 5 June 1898). Notes: Ill-fated affair
- sibling relationship with Dali, Salvador Galo (born 12 October 1901)
- Death of Mother 1920 (Mom died of cancer)
- Work : Published/ Exhibited/ Released 1926 (First exhibited)
- Relationship : Meet a significant person 1929 (Gala)
- Relationship : Marriage 1934 (Gala)
- Death of Mate 1982 (Gala died)
- Death, Cause unspecified 23 January 1989 at 10:15 AM in Figueras, Spain (Age 84)
chart Placidus Equal_H.
B.C. in hand from Juan Trigo
Same in autobiography "The Unspeakable Confessions of Salvador Dali" by H. Gelen. Same in Biography: Maryle Secrest, "Salvador Dali, The Surrealist Jester," Weidenfeld & Nicolson, London, 1986.
- Traits : Personality : Creative
- Traits : Personality : Eccentric
- Traits : Personality : Personality vulnerable (Needy of attention, approval)
- Traits : Personality : Unique
- Diagnoses : Major Diseases : Alzheimer's/Senility (Mental deterioration started after Parkinson's)
- Diagnoses : Major Diseases : Parkinson's (Dibilitating and mental deterioration)
- Family : Childhood : Family distant (Loathed his father)
- Family : Childhood : Memories Bad (Compared to dead brother)
- Family : Relationship : Marriage more than 15 Yrs (48 years)
- Family : Relationship : Number of Marriages (One, lasting)
- Family : Parenting : Kids none
- Lifestyle : Social Life : Travel (World-traveled)
- Passions : Sexuality : Voyeur
- Personal : Death : Long life more than 80 yrs (Age 84)
- Vocation : Art : Fine art artist (Surrealist)
- Notable : Extraordinary Talents : For Imagination (Painter)
- Notable : Famous : Historic figure (Unique in art field)
- Notable : Famous : Top 5% of Profession
- Notable : Book Collection : Culture Collection