Astro-Databank:Handbook chapter 12

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12. Historical Changes in New Year's Day

The New Year`s Day from The Book of Calendars, Frank Parise, editor, Publication: Facts on File, Inc, New York, 1982

4th-8th Centuries:
1 Jan Germany, generally to 8th Century Hungary, in part; Denmark in part Gregory of Tours, chronicler, in part Venice, civil and common year
1 March Gregory of Tours, chronicler, in part

Council of Verdun -- 755 - France, until 800 Germany in part, 5th-10th Centuries Venice, legal documents Thassilo of Bavaria, 8th Century Fredergarius, chronicler

Easter Council of Tours - 755
1 May Annalis Pitaviennes
12 August Denmark in part
1 November Celts until 1179, 1 yr early until 1014
25 December Mayence until 15th Century England, 7th Century thru 1338 (one year behind) Cyprus Denmark in part, Hungary in part
9th Century
25 March France after 800 until 966 Tuscany and Florence until 1750 Pisa, Lucca, Sienna, lodi until 1745, but 1 year behind
25 December Genova, Savona, Liguria
10th Century:
1 January Straussburg, except 1004
25 March Sicily, 1099 until 15th Century
Easter Eve France, generally when Paschal taper lit
Easter English holdings in France 1066-1453, in which case words "more Gallicano" are added
25 December Straussburg, 1004 only English holdings in France 1066-1453 (without "more Gallicano")

Note: During 11th and 12th Centuries, some chroniclers added 22 or 23 yrs to their reckonings.

12th Century:
1 March Gregory of Tours, chronicler, in part
25 March England, church documents
Easter Gelasius, 1118 and 1119
1 November Celtic calendar until 1172, after that as English
25 December Poissons; Amiens
13th Century:
1 January Picardy after mid-century
25 March Rheims, until 1390 Cahors, Rodez, Tulle until 1289Leige, until 1334 Treves, until 1652
25th December Milan, thru 15th Century
14th Century:
1 January Switzerland
25 March England, Civil year after 1339 Aragon until 1350 Castile abd Segovia until 1383 Utrecht until 1333 Leige until 1334
Easter England, church from 1339 Cologne "style of the court" Rheims after 1390 France, except English holdings 1363 on
1 July Sicily until 17th Century
25 December Portugal after 1420
15th Century:
1 January Germany, Venisce, Alsace, 1508 on

Hungary, 1520 on Rome, 1525 Holland, 1533 on France in part, 1563 (edict of Charles IX) France, 1567 (year 1566, 14 Apr-31 Dec) Low Countries, 1575 Burgundy, 1576 Beauvais, Louvaine, 1580 Scotland, 1600, but used Old Style calendar Note: For changes after 15 October, 1582, see country listings in Gregorian calendar.

18th Century:
Russia: the day after December 31 (7208 since world creation) became January 1, 1700. In ancient Russia, the New Year was March 1st. In the mid-14th century, the Russian Orthodox Church, according to the Council of Nicea, changed New Year Day to September 1st, Byzantian calendar.
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