|born on||4 August 1901 at 22:00 (= 10:00 PM )|
|Place||New Orleans, Louisiana, 29n57, 90w05|
|Timezone||CST h6w (is standard time)|
|Astrology data||12°01' 13°24 Asc. 18°36'|
American jazz trumpeter, a raspy voiced singer and band leader who was known as the great "Satchmo" for Satchelmouth, the size of his mouth. His infectious huge grin made him lovable to people everywhere and he was known for his sense of humor and vivid energy. Armstrong is the most important improviser of jazz of his day with his perfect pitch and immaculate timing and he taught the world to swing. Innovation and excitement marked his style of the music that is distinctly American, born in the black quarters of New Orleans. With a record of top-ten hits in every decade for half a century, Armstrong is memorable for "Hello, Dolly," and "When The Saints go Marchin' In," as well as his classics, "Weather Bird" and "What a Wonderful World."
Armstrong grew up poor among prostitutes and lowlifes in New Orleans, working from the time he was a kid to help his family. He sang on the street corners in the Old Quarter and taught himself to play the cornet, quickly becoming acquainted with the culture of music that could be heard on every street. He rose from a rough and tumble childhood to become one of the first black men in America who had the courage and clout to say, "I wouldn't play no place I couldn't stay." At age 21, he was the talk of South Side Chicago, playing in his mentor's band, Joe "King" Oliver's Creole Jazz Band. So popular were the trademark two-cornet breaks he and Oliver worked out, that they would perform with handkerchiefs over their hands to hide their fingering from imitators. At age 41, his records and movie appearances had made him world famous. He had a rigorous schedule of touring, recording and performing, gradually adding films and TV.
Somehow, Armstrong stayed down to earth, never moving any further into drugs than his daily hits of marijuana, which never seemed to hurt his playing. He was, however, known as a world-class eccentric, his own man, brash and irreverent. His talents as a virtuoso trumpet player and irrepressible stage personality were inseparable, as was his mugging, teeth baring and eye-rolling.
An unabashed sensualist, Armstrong loved pretty women and ate rich food: he married four times. His first marriage was to Daisy Parker, a prostitute, in 1918. Joe Oliver moved to Chicago that year and Louis took his place in the Kid Ory band. He and Daisy separated in 1922. In February 1924, he married Lil Hardin, the pianist in the King Oliver's Creole Jazz Band. He joined the Fletcher Henderson in New York City that September and cut his first recordings with Henderson's orchestra.
On 11/12/1925, Armstrong made his first records as a leader with his own group, "Louis Armstrong and His Hot Five." He and Lil separated in August 1931.
From July to November 1932, Armstrong made his first tour outside of the U.S., traveling to the UK. After European tours the next few years, Joe Glaser became his manager in 1935 and remained so for the rest of Louis's life.
In October 1938, he married Alpha Smith. They were together for a few years before he met and married Lucille Wilson, his fourth and last wife, on 10/12/1942. They were together for 29 years. Lucille was a dancer at the Cotton Club where his band had a running engagement. The following year, they purchased a home in Corona, Queens, where they lived for the rest of their lives. It was his first "real" home and meant to Armstrong that he had a haven and focus to his life.
He died in his sleep on 7/06/1971. Up to the last few days before his death, he was rehearsing for the next performance before his beloved public.
The Queen's College Louis Armstrong Archive, in Flushing, NY, has some 5,000 photographs, 84 scrapbooks and 350 pages of autobiographical writings, as well as 650 reels of audiotape.
- associate relationship with Brubeck, Dave (born 6 December 1920)
- associate relationship with Guérin, Roger (born 9 January 1926)
- associate relationship with Teagarden, Jack (born 20 August 1905)
- Social : Begin a program of study 1915 (First cornet at Colored Waifs' Home)
- Relationship : Marriage 1918 (First marriage)
- Work : New Career 1922 (Joined Joe Oliver's band in Chicago)
- Work : Gain social status 1932 (Played for King of England)
- Financial : Best Period 1940 (Fame height from the '40s on)
- Work : Gain social status 1956 (Shined in MGM musical High Society)
- Work : Gain social status 1964 (Hello Dolly recording hit No.1)
PBS Documentary, "Satchmo," 7/1993, quotes records, date from baptismal certificate and time from accounts that, during his birth, a brawl was raging outside his mom's house in which a man was stabbed to death. The event was traced to this date, 10:00 PM.
For many years, Armstrong's birth date was given as July 4, 1900, with a time quoted from his mother as "before midnight," but the estimable writer Gary Giddins discovered the birth certificate that proves Armstrong was born Aug. 4, 1901.
Biography: Laurence Bergreen, "Louis Armstrong: An Extravagant Life." Gary Giddins, "Satchmo"
Author and educator Krin Gabbard writes, "He seems to have been unaware that he was born in August 4, 1901 rather than July 4, 1900. We only know the facts now because jazz researcher Tad Jones found Armstrong's actual birth certificate at the Sacred Heart of Jesus Church on Lopez Street in New Orleans several years
after Armstrong's death. Armstrong's mother, Mary Albert (better known as Mayann), was unmarried and no more than sixteen years old when her only son was born, so she may have had good reason not to recall the exact
circumstances of his birth."
- Traits : Body : Race (Black)
- Traits : Body : Voice/Speech (Voice raspy)
- Traits : Body : Other body (Large mouth)
- Traits : Personality : Aggressive/ brash (Brash, irreverent)
- Traits : Personality : Attention seeking
- Traits : Personality : Eccentric
- Traits : Personality : Loved by all (Popular with friends and the public)
- Traits : Personality : Unique
- Diagnoses : Psychological : Abuse Drugs (Smoked pot daily in moderation)
- Family : Childhood : Disadvantaged (Grew up poor, among prostitutes)
- Family : Relationship : Marriage more than 15 Yrs (Lucille, 29 years)
- Family : Relationship : Marriage less than 3 Yrs (Several short term)
- Family : Relationship : Marriage - Very happy (Fourth, Lucille)
- Family : Relationship : Number of Marriages (Four)
- Lifestyle : Financial : Gain - Financial success in field
- Lifestyle : Financial : Rags to riches
- Vocation : Entertain/Music : Group/ Duo (King Oliver's Creole Jazz Band)
- Vocation : Entertain/Music : Instrumentalist (Trumpet)
- Vocation : Entertain/Music : Vocalist/ Pop, Rock, etc.
- Notable : Famous : Top 5% of Profession
- Notable : Book Collection : American Book