According to ancient lore, each day and each hour of a day is attributed to a particular planet. The purpose of this attribution is to find the right moment for a particular activity. For
example, according to this lore, the right moment for love matters would be the hour ruled by Venus on a Venus day.
Planetary hours are calculated as follows: We calculate the length of time between sunrise and sunset and divide it into 12 equal sections. In the same manner, we divide the length of time
between sunset and the following sunrise into 12 equal sections. The resulting 24 sections are called 'planetary hours'. Naturally, they are not ordinary 60-minute hours but can be longer
or shorter. The 24 planetary hours make up a planetary day. Consequently, a planetary day lasts from sunrise on one day to sunrise on the next day.
The 24 planetary hours are attributed to the seven classical planets in astrology in the following order:
Saturn - Jupiter - Mars - Sun - Venus - Mercury - Moon - then from starting again with Saturn - Jupiter - etc.
The order corresponds to the possible maximum speed of the planets, Saturn being the slowest and Moon the fastest. Ancient astrologers assumed that the same order applied to the distances
of these celestial bodies from the Earth. Moon is closest to Earth, Saturn is the planet which is farthest away.
The next day, which starts with the following sunrise, is treated in the same manner. The order of the planets continues where it has ended on the previous day. Since we began the previous
day with Saturn, the first hour of the new day inevitably starts with the Sun.
The planet of the day is determined by the planet which rules the first hour of this day. In the above example, we have attributed the first hour after sunrise to Saturn. Accordingly, the
day is Saturn's day. The next day will be, inevitably, Sun's day. The resulting planets for each day correspond exactly to the days of the week. Some modern languages still reflect this
fact very well:
This also explains the origins of the days of the week.
|English ||German ||Italian ||Spanish|
|Saturn's day||SATURday || || ||
|Sun's day||SUNday ||SONNtag || || |
|Moon's day||MONday ||MONtag ||LUNEdì ||LUNES|
|Mars' day||Tuesday || ||MARTEdì ||MARTES|
|Mercury's day||Wednesday || ||MERCOLEdì ||MIERCOLES|
|Jupiter's day||Thursday || ||GIOVEdì ||JUEVES|
|Venus' day||Friday || ||VENERdì ||VIERNES|