Wilhelmina, Queen of the Netherlands
|Birthname||Wilhelmina Helena Pauline Marie of Organe-Nassau|
|born on||31 August 1880 at 18:00 (= 6:00 PM )|
|Place||The Hague, Netherlands, 52n06, 4e18|
|Timezone||LMT m4e18 (is local mean time)|
|Astrology data||08°38' 22°52 Asc. 16°13'|
Dutch royal family, the daughter of William III and his second wife. He had two sons by his first marriage and was widowed; both boys died before their dad on 11/23/1890. Her father's death made her Queen of the Netherlands when she was age ten and she began her rule under the regency of the Queen Mother. At the age of 18, on 9/06/1898, she was inaugurated at Amsterdam. Wilhelmina abdicated the throne to daughter, Juliana, in 1948.
Wilhelmina was brought up to be a queen. She did not have a happy childhood, as she was not allowed to have playmates and was put through a rigorous course of studies. At 16 she spoke German, French and English and was learning military and naval strategy from generals and admirals. Her economics lessons were so practical that she managed her own estate, reported to bring in $5,000,000 per year.
In 1898 when she was crowned in the New Church at Amsterdam, Wilhelmina characteristically refused to allow her Prime Minister to write her first public speech. One year later she began her peace and neutrality offensive by offering her palace at The Hague for the first International Peace Conference, at which many of the conventions governing war and arbitration were laid down. Wilhelmina was influential in maintaining The Netherlands’ neutrality.
Two years after her coronation, she married a young lieutenant, Henry Wladimir Albert Ernst, Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin. Parliament steadfastly refused to grant him funds or to make him Prince of the Netherlands and his duties were limited to being the president of the Dutch Red Cross. He died in 1934.
Wilhelmina led an exemplary private life, causing the court at The Hague to be called the dullest in Europe. She enjoyed being a housewife as well as a leader. She gardened and painted in her free time for relaxation. Under Wilhelmina, the Netherlands progressed socially and materially.
Juliana, the only child of Henry and Wilhelmina, was born in 1909. Unlike her mother, she was allowed to have friends, attend camp, and go to the University of Leyden for a degree in constitutional law. In 1937, Princess Juliana married Prince Bernhard zu Lippe-Biesterfeld. At their wedding, Queen Wilhelmina had a run-in with Adolf Hitler when the Nazis confiscated the passports of the German bridesmaids and guests. She told him firmly, "This is the marriage of my daughter to the man she loves…this is not the marriage of the Netherlands to Germany." The passports were returned. Juliana and Bernhard have two daughters, Beatrix and Irene.
The younger princesses were sent to Canada with their mother, Juliana, during part of the war, while Bernhard remained in London in a military capacity. On 05/13/1940 Wilhelmina, Princess Juliana and the two girls traveled to London on the advice of her Cabinet. The next day, the Dutch surrendered to the invading German forces under a "flaming protest." Wilhelmina continued to work from London for peace and to secure the livelihood of her country under the occupation. Throughout the war she exhorted her people over Radio Orange to maintain their spirit until the nation was liberated. She was welcomed back enthusiastically when the German takeover ended in 1945.
Due to poor health, Wilhelmina abdicated the throne to Juliana on 09/04/1948. She retired to her palace, Het Loo, near Apeldoorn. Her memoirs, "Lonely but Not Alone," 1960, reveal the deep religious feeling that dominated her life. Queen Wilhelmina died on 11/28/1962 at Het Loo. Her state funeral was held on 12/08/1962.
- parent->child relationship with Juliana, Queen of the Netherlands (born 30 April 1909)
- child->parent relationship with Willem III, King of the Netherlands (born 19 February 1817)
- role played of/by Courbois, Kitty (born 13 July 1937)
- Family : Change in family responsibilities 1901 (Daughter born)
LMR used time 6h30 PM stating: Luc de Marre quotes Official Dutch Gazette. Same from Church of Light and from Alan Leo's "Esoteric Astrology."
(NN No.122 and Sabian Symbols No.969 give 6:15 PM. In AQ Fall/1940, Leaver quotes "The Royal Ladies of the Netherlands" for 6:00 AM.)
But both Koppejan in "Beeldgids van de dierenriem" and the Dutch Wikipedia (since 28 May 2007 16:40) give 6h00 PM as the birth time. Koppejan personally checked and quoted the Dutch Staatscourant Nr 205. Koppejan mentions Alan Leo as the source of the false 18h30 time. The Staatscourant is not online, but the NRC of 9 Dec 2003 quotes the special edition of the Staatscourant of 31 augustus 1880: "Hare Majesteit de Koningin is heden avond ten zes ure door Gods goedheid bevallen van eene Prinses. Omtrent deze heugelijke gebeurtenis is door de geneesheren uitgegeven het navolgende bulletin: Na een regelmatig verlopen zwangerschap vertoonden zich gister avond teekenen der naderende bevalling van Hare Majesteit de Koningin. Heden namiddag ten zes ure verloste Hare Majesteit natuurlijk van eene welgeschapen Dochter. Ten zeven ure bevonden zich Hare Majesteit en de jonggeboren Prinses naar omstandigheden redelijk wel."
Translation of "Heden namiddag ten zes ure" is 6h PM.
Sy Scholfield cites official announcement quoted in "Wilhelmina, de jonge koningin" [Wilhelmina, the Young Queen] by Cees Fasseur (Balans, 1998), p. 59: "Het werd dus, op dinsdag 31 augustus 1880, een mooie zomerdag, een dochter, WilhelminaHelena Pauline Maria. Zij werd geboren op het paleis Noordeinde in Den Haag, 's avonds om zes uur. Een diezelfde avond uitgegeven communiqué, afkomstig van de twee bij het kraambed aanwezige geneesheren, de hofarts C.W. Vinkhuyzen en de 'accoucheur' AndriesHoek, maakte melding van een verlossinglangs natuurlijke weg na een 'regelmatig verlopen' zwangerschap." Abridged translation: 'on 31 August 1880, born at the Noordeinde Palace in The Hague, in the evening at six o'clock.'
- Family : Childhood : Advantaged (Royalty)
- Family : Childhood : Family noted (Dad William III)
- Family : Childhood : Sibling circumstances (Two half-brothers died young)
- Family : Relationship : Number of Marriages (One)
- Family : Parenting : Kids 1-3 (One daughter)
- Lifestyle : Work : Same Job more than 10 yrs (50 year reign)
- Lifestyle : Financial : Wealthy
- Personal : Death : Long life more than 80 yrs (Age 82)
- Notable : Famous : Royal family (Netherlands)
- Notable : Book Collection : Profiles Of Women