Umberto I, King of Italy
|Birthname||Umberto Ranieri Carlo Emanuele Giovanni|
|born on||14 March 1844 at 10:30 (= 10:30 AM )|
|Place||Turin, Italy, 45n03, 7e40|
|Timezone||LMT m7e40 (is local mean time)|
|Astrology data||23°57' 29°48 Asc. 25°41'|
King of Italy from 9 January 1878 until his assassination on 29 July 1900.
Umberto's reign saw Italy attempt colonial expansion into the Horn of Africa, successfully gaining Eritrea and Somalia despite being defeated by Abyssinia at the Battle of Adowa in 1896. In 1882, he approved the Triple Alliance with the German Empire and Austria-Hungary.
He was deeply loathed in leftist circles because of his conservatism and support of the Bava-Beccaris massacre in Milan. He was especially hated by anarchists, who attempted an assassination on him during the first year of his reign. He was killed by another anarchist, Gaetano Bresci, two years after the Bava-Beccaris massacre.
On 21 April 1868, Umberto married his first cousin, Margherita Teresa Giovanna, Princess of Savoy. Their only son was Victor Emmanuel, prince of Naples, who became King Victor Emmanuel III of Italy.
- parent->child relationship with Vittorio Emanuele III, King of Italy (born 11 November 1869)
- child->parent relationship with Victor Emmanuel II, King of Italy (born 14 March 1820)
- sibling relationship with Amadeo I, King of Spain (born 30 May 1845)
Lescaut quotes Barbault for B.R., same in NN No. 840 and in SS No. 489
Sy Scholfield quotes same data from the book, "Umberto I di Savoja: bio-bibliografia, con ritratto ad acquaforte" by Giuseppe Graziano (Tip. G. Sacerdote, 1904), p. 3: "1844 Marzo 14 - Nasce alle ore 10 1/2 antimeridiane nel palazzo reale di Torino da Vittorio Emanuele." Scholfield also found a news report from "Wiener Zeitung," 21 March 1844, p. 2: "Die „Gazzetta Pieinontese" vom 14. März enthält nachstehenden von Turin datirten Artikel: ... Ihre k. k. Hoheit, die Frau Herzoginn von Savoyen, sind heute um halb 11 Uhr Vormittags von einem Prinzen glücklich entbunden worden." (The "Gazzetta Pieinontese" of 14th March contains the following article, from Turin: "Her Highness, Madame Duchess of Savoy, has been happily delivered of a prince today at half-before-eleven in the morning).
- Family : Relationship : Number of Marriages (One)
- Family : Parenting : Kids 1-3 (One son)
- Passions : Criminal Victim : Homicide victim (Politically assassinated)
- Notable : Famous : Royal family (House of Savoy, Italy)