|Birthname||Maurice Félix Thomas|
|born on||2 February 1876 at 23:30 (= 11:30 PM )|
|Place||Paris Arrondissement 17, France, 48n5304, 2e1919|
|Timezone||LMT m2e1919 (is local mean time)|
|Astrology data||13°32' 12°10 Asc. 25°24'|
French film director and screenwriter.
As a young man, he first trained as a graphic designer and a magazine illustrator but was soon drawn to the theater. In 1904, he married the actress, Fernande Petit. They had a son, Jacques (1904–1977), who would follow his father into the film industry.
Using the stage name Maurice Tourneur, he began his show business career performing in secondary roles on stage and eventually toured England and South America as part of the theater company for the great star Gabrielle Réjane. Drawn to the new art of filmmaking, in 1911 he began working as an assistant director for the Éclair company. A quick learner and an innovator, within a short time he was directing films on his own using major French stars of the day such as Polaire.
In 1914, with the expansion of the giant French film companies into the United States market, Tourneur moved to New York City to direct silent films for Éclair's American branch studio in Fort Lee, New Jersey before moving to William A. Brady's World Film Corporation, where he directed important early American feature-length films.
As the feature film evolved in the mid 1910s, he and his team (comprising screenwriter Charles Maigne, art director Ben Carré, and cameramen John van den Broek and Lucien Andriot) coupled exceptional technological skill with unique pictorial and architectural sensibilities in their productions, giving their films a visual distinctiveness that met with critical acclaim.
After directing several innovative films for Adolph Zukor's Artcraft Pictures Corporation (which released through Paramount) in 1917 and 1918, Tourneur launched his own production company with the film Sporting Life. In 1921 he became a naturalized citizen of the United States. By 1922 he believed that the future of the film industry lay in Hollywood and the following year he was hired by Samuel Goldwyn to go to the West Coast and make a film version of the Hall Caine novel The Christian. However, Tourneur's career in the United States faltered in the 1920s as his pictorialism sometimes hampered the narrative drive of his later films, and he also separated from his wife Fernande in 1923. He was removed from production on Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer's version of Jules Verne's The Mysterious Island in 1928, and this marked the end of his American career.
After his trouble with MGM, Tourneur decided to move back to his native France. There, he continued to make films both at home and in Germany, easily making the change to talkies. In 1933 he met his second wife, actress Louise Lagrange (1898–1979), while shooting his film, L'Homme mystérieux. Tourneur went on to direct another two dozen films, several of which were crime thrillers, until a 1949 automobile accident in which he was seriously injured and lost a leg. Health and age prevented him from directing more films, but a voracious reader and a skilled hobby artist, he kept busy painting and translating detective novels from English into French.
He died on 4 August 1961 in Paris.
- associate relationship with Andriot, Lucien (born 19 November 1892)
- associate relationship with Antoine, André (born 31 January 1858)
- associate relationship with Archainbaud, George (born 7 May 1890)
- associate relationship with Capellani, Albert (born 23 August 1874)
- associate relationship with Chautard, Émile (born 7 September 1864)
- associate relationship with Perret, Leonce (born 14 March 1880)
- parent->child relationship with Tourneur, Jacques (born 12 November 1904)
- spouse relationship with Lagrange, Louise (born 19 August 1897)
- (has as) boss relationship with Rodin, Auguste (born 12 November 1840)
- Relationship : Marriage 1904 (Fernande Petit)
- Relationship : Divorce dates 1923 (Fernande Petit)
Birth certificate quoted in Michaël Mandl's CINÉMA MUET collection.
- Vocation : Art : Commercial artist
- Vocation : Entertain/Business : Director (Film)
- Vocation : Writers : Playwright/ script (Screenwriter)
- Notable : Awards : Hall of Fame (Hollywood Walk)