|Birthname||Jean-Paul Charles Aymard Sartre|
|born on||21 June 1905 at 18:45 (= 6:45 PM )|
|Place||Paris, France, 48n52, 2e20|
|Timezone||LST m2e20 (is standard time)|
|Astrology data||29°40' 25°41 Asc. 13°41'|
French writer, existentialist philosopher, novelist, essayist and playwright. His philosophy of existentialism stated that the world had no meaning for mankind, but instead proposed that the individual is responsible for his or her own purpose. After 1939, Sartre served as the leader of the French intelligensia. He was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature 1964 but declined on political grounds.
An only child of a distinguished family, he was a handsome, active baby, pampered by his mother after his father's death when he was just a year old. When his hair was long it was curly, but when cut, people realized how ugly he was. His full height was less than 5 ft. With a vindictive and angry personality, he was self-confident, knowing he was smarter than other children. Feeling a sense of power and control while writing, in October 1914 he wrote a short story about a French private who captures the Kaiser. Growing close to his mother he rebelled when she re-married April 1917.
In 1920 he was sent to boarding school in Paris. With an excellent mind but lacking discipline, he raced from topic to topic, never refining a thought, substituting eloquence for any depth of knowledge. His personal habits were abominable. In August 1924 Sartre placed seventh on entrance exams for Ecole Normale Superieure, a distinguished philosophy campus. In 1928 he placed last, fiftieth, in his exit exam, placing first on a re-exam in 1929. He was in the military for 18 months beginning in 1929 and took a teaching position thereafter, with a hiatus for study in Berlin in 1933.
Sartre's novel "Nausea" was published in 1938. He was conscripted at the start of WW II and captured 6/21/1940. Escaping in March 1941, he joined the resistance movement. One of his most famous essays, "Being and Nothingness" was published 1943. By 1945 Sartre was famous, rejecting God and external values, touting existentialism as the philosophy to study. He became co-editor of the magazine "Les Temps Modernes." His politics moved to the left in the late 1950's. Sartre accepted a doctorate from Jerusalem University 11/07/1976.
Sartre's life-long companion was Simone de Beauvoir who offered emotional and professional support in their open relationship, begun in 1929. They were lovers and associates but never married, each having other lovers. Simone became his editor and co-writer with no credit. On 1/25/1965 Sartre began adoption proceedings for one of his mistresses, not allowing de Beauvoir any control over his writings. In death, their ashes were buried next to one another at Montparnasse Cemetery.
At age four years he suffered influenza causing glaucoma in his right eye and the loss of some sight. In his later years, eventually he completely lost sight in his right eye. Requiring earplugs and a blindfold to sleep at night, today he might be recognized as hyperactive. He experimented with mescaline February 1935 and suffered hallucinations for the next year. All during his life he was a heavy drinker, smoking two packs of cigarettes a day, and he took amphetamines and sedatives. While in a coma, he died of pulmonary congestion on 4/15/1980 9:00 PM in a Paris hospital.
- friend relationship with Camus, Albert (born 7 November 1913)
- friend relationship with Lanzmann, Claude (born 27 November 1925)
- friend relationship with Nizan, Paul (born 7 February 1905)
- lover relationship with Beauvoir, Simone de (born 9 January 1908)
- lover relationship with Jollivet, Simone (born 30 June 1903)
- (has as) boss relationship with Cau, Jean (born 8 July 1925). Notes: secretary
- Relationship : Begin significant relationship 1929 (Began life relationship with Beauvoir)
- Work : Published/ Exhibited/ Released 1938 (Nausea)
- Social : Deinstitutionalized - prison, hospital March 1941 (Escaped from detention camp)
chart Placidus Equal_H.
- Work : Prize 1964 (Nobel Prize, rejected)
- Work : Prize 1964 (Refused the Nobel Prize in Literature)
Francoise Gauquelin quotes B.R. in correction of Gauquelin Vol. 6/727, which gives 3:15 PM. Didier Geslain confirmed 18.45 from his archive.
Extract of BC in Didier Geslain archive, 'Ecrivains' pdf file, p. 260.
- Traits : Body : Appearance unattractive (Short and ugly)
- Traits : Body : Size (Less than 5 ft)
- Traits : Mind : Exceptional mind (Outstanding mind)
- Traits : Personality : Temper (Vindictive, angry)
- Diagnoses : Body Part Problems : Eyes (Glaucoma, loss of sight)
- Diagnoses : Psychological : Abuse Alcohol (Heavy drinker)
- Diagnoses : Psychological : Abuse Drugs (Amphetemines, sedatices, heavy smoker)
- Diagnoses : Psychological : Abuse - other addictions (Smoking excessively)
- Family : Childhood : Family traumatic event (Dad died when he was age one)
- Family : Relationship : Marriage more than 15 Yrs (Lifetime companion of de Beauvoir)
- Family : Relationship : Married late/never
- Family : Relationship : Mate - Noted (Simone de Beauvoir)
- Personal : Religion/Spirituality : Atheist
- Personal : Religion/Spirituality : Philosopher/ Humanist (Existentialist philosopher)
- Vocation : Education : Teacher (Sorbonne)
- Vocation : Military : Military service (18 months in 1929, early in WW II)
- Vocation : Politics : Activist/ political (Resistance movement)
- Vocation : Writers : Fiction (Novelist, essayist)
- Vocation : Writers : Playwright/ script
- Notable : Awards : Nobel prize (Rejected by him)
- Notable : Famous : Top 5% of Profession
- Notable : Book Collection : American Book