Sandino, Augusto César

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Name
Sandino, Augusto César Gender: M
Augusto Nicolás Calderón Sandino
born on 18 May 1895 at 04:00 (= 04:00 AM )
Place Niquinohomo, Nicaragua, 11n54, 86w06
Timezone LST m86w18 (is standard time)
Data source
Bio/autobiography
Rodden Rating B
Collector: Scholfield
Astrology data s_su.18.gif s_taucol.18.gif 27°10' s_mo.18.gif s_piscol.18.gif 15°18 Asc.s_taucol.18.gif 00°39'



Augusto César Sandino

Biography

Nicaraguan revolutionary and leader of a rebellion between 1927 and 1933 against the U.S. military occupation of Nicaragua. He was referred to as a "bandit" by the United States government; his exploits made him a hero throughout much of Latin America, where he became a symbol of resistance to United States' domination. Drawing units of the United States Marine Corps into an undeclared guerrilla war, his insurgents never defeated the Americans in battle. The United States troops withdrew from the country in 1933 after overseeing the election and inauguration of President Juan Bautista Sacasa, who had returned from exile. The re-call of the Marines was largely due to the Great Depression.

Sandino was assassinated on February 21, 1934 by National Guard forces of Gen. Anastasio Somoza García, who went on to seize power in a coup d'état two years later. After being elected by an overwhelming vote as president in 1936, Somoza Garcia resumed control of the National Guard and established a dictatorship and family dynasty that would rule Nicaragua for more than 40 years. Sandino's political legacy was claimed by the Sandinista National Liberation Front (FSLN), which finally overthrew the Somoza government in 1979.

Sandino is revered in Nicaragua, and in 2010 was unanimously named a "national hero" by the nation's congress. Sandino's political descendants, along with the icons of his wide-brimmed hat and boots, and influence of his writings from the years of warfare against the U.S. Marines, continue to help shape the national identity of Nicaragua.

Link to Wikipedia biography

Events

Source Notes

Sy Scholfield quotes him in "Sandino in the Streets" by Joel C. Sheesley (Indiana University Press, 1991), p. 2: "I was born at four in the morning on the 18th of May, 1895, in the town of La Victoria [Niquinohomo], Department of Masaya, Nicaragua."

Categories

  • Vocation : Politics : Activist/ political (revolutionary)
  • Notable : Famous : Historic figure

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