Robespierre, Maximilien

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Name
Robespierre, Maximilien Gender: M
born on 6 May 1758 at 02:00 (= 02:00 AM )
Place Arras, France, 50n17, 2e47
Timezone LMT m2e47 (is local mean time)
Data source
Quoted BC/BR
Rodden Rating AA
Collector: Blackwell
Astrology data s_su.18.gif s_taucol.18.gif 15°24' s_mo.18.gif s_aricol.18.gif 27°51 Asc.s_aqucol.18.gif 25°17'



Maximilien Robespierre

Biography

French attorney, politician and revolutionary. A fanatical idealist and radical leader of the Jacobins, he was called "the incorruptible." Robespierre, a patriot with a sense of duty and sacrifice, became the very symbol of the French Revolution.

Robespierre’s mother died when he was young. His father, a lawyer, left Maximilien, his brother Augustin and his sisters to be raised by their maternal grandparents. Small in stature, he was pale and sincere. In 1765, he attended the college of the Oratorians at Arras. He was awarded a scholarship to the famous college of Louis-le-Grand in Paris, in 1769, where he studied philosophy and law. In 1781, he received his law degree, began working as a lawyer and made a comfortable home with his sister Charlotte. Soon distinguished in his field, he was appointed judge at the Salle Episcopale. In 1783, he was admitted to the Arras Academy for the advancement of the arts and sciences, later becoming its chancellor and then its president. He socialized with the young people in the area as well as with the local notables, and spent his time entering academic competitions. His "Mémoire sur les peines infamantes" ("Report on Degrading Punishments") won first prize at the Academy of Metz, and by 1788, he was noted for his altruism.

In March 1789, at the age of 30, he embarked upon a political career, after the citizens of Arras chose him to be one of their representatives. Always careful in his dress and personal grooming and a man of simple manners, he quickly gained attention, but kept his frugal lifestyle. His first speech, of the more than 500 total he gave throughout his lifetime, was given before the National Assembly on approximately 5/18/1789, and despite a voice which had weak carrying power, his message spread, his popularity grew, and as well, he engendered great opposition. In April 1790, he presided over the Jacobins, a political club that promoted the ideas of the French Revolution. Elected secretary of the National Assembly in June 1790, he threw himself full force into his work, welcoming the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which formed the preamble of the French constitution of 9/03/1791. He was a proponent of universal suffrage, was opposed to the royal veto and the abuses of ministerial power and he fought against religious and racial discrimination. Increasingly, he was seen as a dangerous individual, as his passionate fight for liberty gained him more enemies, and during 1791, after a threat upon his life, he went to live with the family of a cabinetmaker. Through everything, however, he kept the Jacobin Club alive. When the National Assembly dissolved itself, the people of Paris threw a triumphal procession for Robespierre.

He gave up his post as public prosecutor of Paris, but continued his political activism, primarily with the Jacobins, and he attacked Lafayette on the suspicion that he was attempting to form a military dictatorship. The struggle between the Girondins, the revolutionary group that favored political but not social democracy, and the Montagnards, the deputies of the extreme left, continued, and on 5/26/1793, Robespierre, still widely admired for his earnestness, called upon the people of France to "rise in insurrection." After the fall of the Girondins, the revolution mobilized its resources, and he noted in his diary that what was needed now was "one single will," a dictatorial power that characterized the revolutionary government. On 7/27/1793, he took his place on the Committee of Public Safety, working to prevent dissent among the revolutionaries. He disapproved of the movement against Christianity, and he worked to rally the revolutionaries around a civic religion and the cult of the Supreme Being.

On 6/4/1794, the National Convention elected him their president, but with his health deteriorating, he became distant and irritable; at the same time, he began to lose the support of the people and he soon withdrew from the National Convention. In July 1794, the Legislative Assembly indicted him, along with his brother and three of his associates; Robespierre was taken to the Luxembourg prison, but the warden there refused to incarcerate him. He refused to lead his supporters in the insurrection, and his loyal contingents dispersed.

On 5/22/1794, there was an unsuccessful attempt on his life, and on 7/27/1794, his lower jaw was broken when a gendarme at the Convention shot him. Declared an outlaw by the National Convention, he was executed on 7/28/1794, where he died by guillotine in Paris. After his death, many of his papers were destroyed in an attempt to destroy his memory.

Link to Wikipedia biography

Relationships

  • business associate/partner relationship with Marat, Jean Paul (born 24 May 1743)
  • opponent/rival/enemy relationship with Danton, Georges (born 26 October 1759)
  • opponent/rival/enemy relationship with Fouché, Joseph (born 21 May 1759)

Events

  • Social : Begin a program of study 1765 (College of the Oratorians at Arras)
  • Social : Begin a program of study 1769 at 12:00 midnight in Paris, France (College of Louis-le-Grand)
  • Social : End a program of study 1781 (Received law degree)
  • Social : Begin a program of study 1783 at 12:00 midnight in Arras, France (Arras Academy)
  • Work : Gain social status 18 May 1789 (First speech before Ntnl. Assm.)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Work : Gain social status June 1790 (Sec. of Ntnl. Assm.)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Family : Change residence 1791 (Lived with family of cabinet maker)
  • Social : Great Publicity 26 May 1793 (Called upon French to "rise in insurrection")
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Work : New Job 23 July 1793 (Committee of Public Safety)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Work : Gain social status 1794 (Pres. of Ntnl. Assem.)
  • Health : Change in Appearance 27 July 1794 (Broken jaw)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Death by Execution 28 July 1794 (Died by guillotine, age 36)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.

Source Notes

Arthur Blackwell quotes B.R. Same in Leo's "Esoteric Astrology"

Categories

  • Traits : Body : Size (Small and pale)
  • Traits : Personality : Idealist
  • Traits : Personality : Principled strongly (Known as incorruptable)
  • Diagnoses : Body Part Problems : Accident/Injury (Broken jaw)
  • Family : Childhood : Family traumatic event (Both parents dead, orphan)
  • Family : Childhood : Parent, Single or Step (Raised by grandparents)
  • Passions : Sexuality : Homosexual male
  • Passions : Criminal Perpetrator : Civil/ Political (Fanatical idealist)
  • Personal : Death : Unusual (Guillotine)
  • Vocation : Law : Attorney
  • Vocation : Politics : Activist/ political (Activist)
  • Vocation : Politics : Public office
  • Notable : Famous : Historic figure (Symbol of French Revolution)
  • Notable : Famous : Top 5% of Profession
  • Notable : Book Collection : American Book

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