Raman, C V
|born on||8 November 1888 at 04:25 (= 04:25 AM )|
|Place||Trichinopoly, India, 10n49, 78e41|
|Timezone||LST m80e15 (is standard time)|
|Astrology data||16°00' 11°21 Asc. 22°16'|
Indian physicist whose work was influential in the growth of science in India. He was the recipient of the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1930 for the discovery that when light traverses a transparent material, some of the light that is deflected changes in wavelength. This phenomenon is now called Raman scattering and is now commonly known as the “Raman Effect”. It is immensely surprising that Raman used an equipment worth merely Rs.200 to make this discovery.
After earning a master’s degree in physics at Presidency College, University of Madras, in 1907, Raman became an accountant in the finance department of the Indian government. He became professor of physics at the University of Calcutta in 1917. Studying the scattering of light in various substances he found on 28 February 1928 that when a transparent substance is illuminated by a beam of light of one frequency, a small portion of the light emerges at right angles to the original direction, and some of this light is of different frequencies than that of the incident light. These so-called Raman frequencies are equal to the infrared frequencies for the scattering material and are caused by the exchange of energy between the light and the material.
Raman was knighted in 1929, and in 1933 he moved to the Indian Institute of Science, at Bangalore, as head of the department of physics. In 1947 he was named director of the Raman Research Institute there and in 1961 became a member of the Pontifical Academy of Science. He contributed to the building up of nearly every Indian research institution in his time, founded the Indian Journal of Physics and the Indian Academy of Sciences, and trained hundreds of students who found important posts in universities and government in India and Myanmar (Burma).
He died 21 November 1970.
- has other family relationship with Chandrasekhar, Subrahmanyan (born 19 October 1910)
Starkman quotes Uma Parameswaran, "C.V. Raman: A Biography" (Penguin India, 2011), pg. 5:
"His second son, Venkata Raman was born on 7 November 1888, which according to the Tamil calendar was in the year Sarvadhari, on the twenty-fourth day of the month of Aippasi, at twenty-seven naligais (night hours) of Wednesday, second padam of Purada, Tulam lagnam. For both confinements, Parvathi went back to her parental home in Tiruvanaikkaval near Trichy."
Kadladi Subramaniam Sasisekaran, a member of the astro.com forum from India, interprets it as follows:
"'Second padam of Purada' means that the moon was placed in the second quarter of 'purada' which is 16deg 41 min to 20 deg of Sagitarius (vedic) and this can occur only in the early hours of 8th November and not 7th November.
The words 'Tulam lagnam' means that the ascendant is Libra (Siderial Zodiac). The time of birth in naligais (= nadikas or ghatikas in Sanskrit; D. Koch) has been indirectly stated that the starting point was in the evening which is nothing but after sunset.
Before 1947 the time measurement was in Local mean time. If sunset is taken as 17 hrs 30 mins, then the birth was at 4hrs 18 mins, early in the morning. This would put the ascendant in the fag end of Virgo or the beginning of Libra. Here I would like to say that in those days (and a section of people, even now) used an almanac what is called as " vaakiya panchang ". This almanac is "only a near accurate " and differs from the present day accurate ephemeris. So this would change the ascendant a little from the present day calculations.
The writing implies that the birth was in the evening hours of Wednesday, which lasts till sunrise the next day. In vedic, the day of the week lasts till next sunrise. Hence the birth date was stated as 7 November 1888.
As per the present day calendar, the birth was on 8 November 1988 early morning."
A low-resolution picture of the original horoscope in Tamil is found in:
Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman, Sivaraj Ramaseshan, C. Ramachandra Rao, "C.V. Raman: A Pictorial Biography" (Indian Academy of Sciences, 1988).
Astrological sunset time at Trichinopoly was 17:37 LST (Swiss Ephemeris, center of solar disk on horizon, atmospheric refraction ignored). Birth took place 27 naligai or 647 min after sunset, i. e. at 4:25 a.m. LST on the 8th November. (D. Koch)
Starkman rectified the birth time to 5.00.08 IST Asc 0Scorpio56' Tropical zodiac.
Note by dk 27-june-2013:
A different birth time is given by the astrologer BV Raman in "Three Hundred Important Combinations" (MBLD 1994), p. 244-5. Although there is no name attached to the horoscope, it must be CV Raman's because the author writes: "The horoscope is that of a great scientist who has won international laurels". The birth date is given as "8-11-1888 at 5-47 a.m. (L.M.T.) Lat. 10°47' N.; Long 79°10' E." However, the birth time 5:47 a.m. is in contradiction with the biography by Uma Parameswaran. BV Raman apparently assumed that the birth took place at sunrise.
- Vocation : Science : Physics
- Notable : Awards : Nobel prize
- Notable : Famous : Founder/ originator (Raman Effect)
- Notable : Famous : Top 5% of Profession