|Birthname||Earl Rudolph Powell|
|born on||27 September 1924|
|Place||Harlem (New York County), New York, 40n48, 73w57|
|Timezone||EDT h4w (is daylight saving time)|
American Jazz pianist, a virtuoso of the bebop era of the 1940s and 50s. A close friend of composer/pianist Thelonious Monk, Powell played on the first known recording of Monk's "'Round Midnight" with the Cootie Williams Orchestra on August 22, 1944.
Powell suffered head trauma after being beaten by police in a Philadelphia nightclub on January 21, 1945, while trying to protect Monk from arrest. His injury either caused or exacerbated existing mental illness, and he was hospitalized periodically from November 1947 to February 5, 1953, receiving electro-shock therapy which caused some memory loss. In between hospital stays, Powell continued to perform live and on some of the era's greatest jazz recordings.
An alcoholic and drug user, Powell escaped arrest for heroin possession on August 15, 1951 at Columbus Circle in Manhattan, thanks to Monk's taking the rap to protect Powell from further harm. This act of loyalty cost Monk the use of his cabaret card for six years, barring him from performing in any New York City establishment where liquor was served.
Three months after his final release from Creedmore Psychiatric Center, Powell took part in the highly-touted "Quintet of the Year" concert alongside saxophonist Charlie "Bird" Parker, trumpeter Dizzy Gillespie, bassist Charles Mingus and drummer Max Roach on May 15, 1953 at Massey Hall in Toronto.
Powell's younger brother Richie, also a jazz pianist, was killed alongside trumpeter Clifford Brown in a car accident outside Bedford Pa. in th early morning hours of June 26, 1956.
Powell moved to Paris, France in 1959, living there until his return to New York City on August 16, 1964. While in France, he befriended Francis Paudras, a musician and fan who became Powell's caretaker during his European stay. Paudras published his account of their friendship in the 1986 biography "Dance of the Infidels: A Portrait of Bud Powell", which was adapted in part for the 1986 movie "'Round Midnight", starring Powell's onetime collaborator, saxophonist Dexter Gordon.
Powell died from tuberculosis, malnutrition and alcoholism at Kings County Hospital in Brooklyn NY at 9:40 p.m. on July 31, 1966.
- associate relationship with Brown, Clifford (born 30 October 1930)
- associate relationship with Mingus, Charles (born 22 April 1922)
- associate relationship with Monk, Thelonious (born 10 October 1917)
- associate relationship with Roach, Max (born 10 January 1924)
- associate relationship with Rollins, Sonny (born 7 September 1930)
- associate relationship with Vaughan, Sarah (born 27 March 1924)
- Health : Violent trauma 21 January 1945 at 12:00 midnight in Philadelphia (Suffered head trauma after being beaten by Philadelphia police)
chart Placidus Equal_H.
- Death by Disease 31 July 1966 at 9:40 PM in Brooklyn (Kings County) (Tuberculosis, malnutrition, alcoholism)
chart Placidus Equal_H.
"Dance of the Infidels: A Portrait of Bud Powell" by Francis Paudras (De Capo Press, 1998 Eng. trans., p. 4) states that Powell's birth certificate listed the wrong year of birth (1922 instead of 1924) due to a clerical error, which Paudras himself pointed out to the records office for correction. "Wail: The Life of Bud Powell" by Peter Pullman (Kindle edition, 2012), "The Glass Enclosure" by Alan Groves and Alyn Shipton (Continuum, 2001) and all other sources also list the birth year as 1924.
- Vocation : Entertain/Music : Instrumentalist (Pianist)