Oberth, Hermann

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Portrait of Hermann Oberth (click to view image source)
Hermann Oberth
(to view image author and license, click here)
Name
Oberth, Hermann Gender: M
Hermann Julius Oberth
born on 25 June 1894 at 22:16 (= 10:16 PM )
Place Hermannstadt, Romania, 45n48, 24e09
Timezone LST m26e06 (is standard time)
Data source
From memory
Rodden Rating A
Collector: Taeger
Astrology data s_su.18.gif s_cancol.18.gif 04°12' s_mo.18.gif s_piscol.18.gif 27°39 Asc.s_aqucol.18.gif 16°32'



Biography

Romanian-born rocket scientist, a physicist who, along with the Russian Konstantin Tsiolkovsky and the American Robert Goddard, was considered one of the founders of modern astronautics. Oberth’s experimental rocket research led to the development of the V-2.

The son of a prosperous doctor, he became interested in rockets when his mother gave him a copy of Jules Verne’s "From the Earth to the Moon," a book that he read over and over until he knew it by heart. He developed his theories while teaching himself the necessary mathematics, but eventually he enrolled at the University of Munich in 1912 to pursue a degree in medicine. With the onset of World War I, he left college to serve as a medic in the Austro-Hungarian Army, an experience that showed him he didn’t really want to be a doctor. After the war, he sought his Ph.D. at the University of Heidelberg, but in 1922, the University rejected his dissertation, which was based on his rocket design. In 1923, he published that research as "The Rocket into Interplanetary Space."

In 1929, Oberth’s book, "Ways to Spaceflight," won the first annual Robert Esnault-Pelterie-André Hirsch Prize of 10,000 francs. This allowed him to continue his research on liquid-propellant rocket motors, and in 1931, he applied for, and received, a patent on his innovative design. The first rocket was launched on 5/07/1931 near Berlin. He joined the faculty of the Technical University of Vienna in 1938. In 1940, he became a German citizen and one year later transferred to the German rocket development center at Peenemünde. After working in various facilities in Germany, Switzerland and Italy, he moved to the United States in 1955 where he did advanced space work for the army.

Married, he had four children.

He was wounded during World War I, and in 1929, while working as a technical advisor on the film, "Girl in the Moon," Oberth performed an experiment that ended with the loss of sight in his left eye. In 1958, he retired and returned to West Germany. Always humble and focused on what he called "simple goals," he spent his retirement continuing his theoretical studies. In 1959, he published "Material and Life." He died 12/29/1989, Nuremburg, Germany.

Link to Wikipedia biography

Events

  • Social : Begin a program of study 1912 (Enrolled at the Univ. of Munich)
  • Work : Lose social status 1922 (University rejected his dissertation)
  • Work : Published/ Exhibited/ Released 1923 (Published his research)
  • Work : Prize 1929 (Published book won Hirsch Prize)
  • Health : Accident (Non-fatal) 1929 (Lost sight in left eye)
  • Work : Contracts, agreements 1931 (Received patent on rocket motors)
  • Work : New Job 1938 (Joined faculty at Univ. of Vienna)
  • Social : Joined group 1940 (Became German citizen)
  • Family : Change residence 1955 (Moved to U.S.)
  • Work : Retired 1958 (Retired and moved back to W. Germany)
  • Work : Published/ Exhibited/ Released 1959 (Book published)
  • Death, Cause unspecified 29 December 1989 at 12:00 noon in Nurnberg, Germany (Age 95)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.

Source Notes

Taeger Lexikon quotes Tony Bonin from Oberth, born in Transylvania, 12:00 PM Bucharest time.

Categories

  • Diagnoses : Body Part Problems : Accident/Injury (Lost sight in left eye)
  • Family : Childhood : Advantaged (Prosperous family)
  • Family : Parenting : Kids more than 3 (Four)
  • Lifestyle : Home : Expatriate (Rumania, Germany and U.S.)
  • Personal : Death : Long life more than 80 yrs (Age 95)
  • Vocation : Military : Wounded (WW I)
  • Vocation : Science : Physics (Specialized in rockets)
  • Vocation : Writers : Textbook/ Non-fiction (Physics, research)
  • Notable : Famous : Founder/ originator (One of founder of modern astronautics)

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