|Birthname||Nobel, Alfred Bernhard|
|born on||21 October 1833|
|Place||Stockholm, Sweden, 59n20, 18e03|
|Timezone||LMT m18e03 (is local mean time)|
Swedish engineer, chemist and inventor who is most noted for inventing dynamite. Though Nobel thought of himself as an idealist and artist, after preparing the nitroglycerin explosive, he was considered a public enemy, a "merchant of death." Filled with complaints, criticism and suffering, in later years he felt immeasurable guilt and became increasingly ill and nervous. He has been quoted for "No human being could suffer and be tortured more than I," and "Almost everyone is unfaithful to me," as well as self-descriptions such as "Living like a dog. Nobody cares. Disturbed. Harassed. Lonely."
One of four kids, he was the son of an inventor who went bankrupt and he was raised dirt-poor. He was very close to his mom and never found a woman who could equal her. In 1837, when he was four, his dad moved to Russia and the family joined him in 1842. Nobel eventually spoke five languages fluently.
By the 1870s he was one of the richest and most famous men in Europe, called the "Dynamite King" though in truth, he had some 355 patents. From his HQ in Paris he created a network of dynamite factories throughout the world, always insisting on humane and generous policies toward his employees. Investing shrewdly, he owned oil fields in Russia and many business interests in America. A civilized man, he cultivated a sense of honor and decency, dressing well and living a cultured lifestyle.
Nobel had a romance in his youth with a girl who died of TB and he proposed to a woman in 1987, when he was 43. She turned him down, but that same year he met a 20-year-old shopgirl, Sofie Hess. She soon learned that this aging gentleman was exceedingly rich and they began an affair, perhaps the only one in his life. He bought her a villa and supported her for almost two decades though they were seldom together. He always slept alone.
In his 50's, Nobel became increasingly sour, depressed and full of self-pity. His brother died in April 1888 and his beloved mother died in 1889.
In 1896, he founded the Nobel prizes, leaving a fund of $9 million in his will for the awards. He had a stroke at age 63 and died on 12/10/1896, San Remo, Italy. The first Nobel Prize was given out five years later, on 12/10/1901.
Penfield Collection speculates 6:40 AM. Old-file had 5:55 AM
- Notable : Famous : Founder/ originator (Dynamite)
- Notable : Famous : Other Famous (Founded Nobel prizes)
- Notable : Book Collection : American Book
- Diagnoses : Psychological : Depression