|born on||5 July 1811 at 08:18:43 (= 08:18:43 AM )|
|Place||Caracas, Venezuela, 10n30, 66w56|
|Timezone||LMT m66w56 (is local mean time)|
|Astrology data||12°31' 01°55 Asc. 17°48'|
A country on the northern coast of South America. Venezuela's territory covers around 916,445 square kilometres (353,841 sq mi) with an estimated population of 29,105,632. Venezuela is considered a state with extremely high biodiversity, with habitats ranging from the Andes mountains in the west to the Amazon Basinrainforest in the south, via extensive llanos plains and Caribbean coast in the center and the Orinoco River Deltain the east.
Venezuela was colonized by Spain in 1522 despite resistance from indigenous peoples. It became one of the first Spanish American colonies to declare independence (in 1811), but did not securely establish independence until 1821 (as a department of the federal republic of Gran Colombia, gaining full independence in 1830). During the 19th century Venezuela suffered political turmoil and dictatorship, and it was dominated by regional caudillos (military strongmen) well into the 20th century. The country has intermittently had democratic governments between 1945 and the present day; like most countries of Latin America, it has suffered some coups and military dictatorships. Economic shocks in the 1980s and 1990s led to a political crisis causing hundreds of deaths in the Caracazo riots of 1989, two attempted coups in 1992, and the impeachment of President Carlos Andrés Pérez for embezzlement of public funds in 1993. A collapse in confidence in the existing parties saw the 1998 election of former career officer Hugo Chávez, and the launch of the Bolivarian Revolution, beginning with a 1999 Constituent Assembly to write a new Constitution of Venezuela.
Venezuela is among the most urbanized countries in Latin America; the vast majority of Venezuelans live in the cities of the north, especially in the capital, Caracas, which is also the largest city. Since the discovery of oil in the early 20th century, Venezuela has been one of the world's leading exporters of oil and has the largest oil reserves. Previously an underdeveloped exporter of agricultural commodities such as coffee and cocoa, oil quickly came to dominate exports and government revenues. The 1980s oil glut led to an external debt crisis and a long-running economic crisis, which saw inflation peak at 100% in 1996 and poverty rates rise to 66% in 1995 as (by 1998) per capita GDP fell to the same level as 1963, down a third from its 1978 peak. The recovery of oil prices after 2001 boosted the Venezuelan economy and facilitated social spending, although the fallout of the 2008 global financial crisis saw a renewed economic downturn.
- other associate with Chávez, Hugo (born 28 July 1954)
- Death by Homicide 13 November 1950 (President Delgado was assassinated)
chart Placidus Equal_H.
- Mundane : Riot 23 January 1958
chart Placidus Equal_H.
Independence was proclaimed on 5 July 1811, time unknown. Marc Penfield in his book "Horoscopes of the Western Hemisphere" rectified it to 8.47 AST, equal to 8.19.17 LMT. Starkman refined rectification is 8.18.43 LMT.
- Mundane : Political : Announcements
- Mundane : Political : Battles
- Mundane : Political : Birth of State or Country