|born on||14 May 1948 at 16:00 (= 4:00 PM )|
|Place||Tel Aviv, Israel, 32n04, 34e46|
|Timezone||EET h2e (is standard time)|
|Astrology data||23°40' 04°21 Asc. 23°02'|
|Alternative rectified time|
|Rectified by Alexander Marr|
|Date||14 May 1948 at 16:15:07 (= 4:15 PM )|
|Place||Tel Aviv, ISRL, 32n04, 34e46|
|Timezone||EET h2e (is standard time)|
|Astrology data||23°40' 04°30 Asc. 26°15'|
Israel as a nation began with a war of independence. On May 15th, the day after the United Nations created the state of Israel, Israel was attacked by Egypt, Syria, Lebanon, Iraq and Jordan. A 15-month battle for independence ensued. It was followed by the Suez crisis of 1956. On 26 July Egyptian Pres. Nasser nationalized the canal, cautioning that Israeli shipping through it would not receive protection. Israeli troops invaded the Sinai peninsula 29 October, aided by the bombing of Egyptian airfields by British and French planes 31 October, and a cease-fire began 7 November.
The Six-Day War of 1967 resulted in Israel's conquest of the Sinai plus the Gaza and West Bank territories and East Jerusalem (formerly under Jordanian control) and the Golan Heights (formerly belonging to Syria). Military historians generally consider Israel's strategy and execution to have been brilliant, a "text-book" case. "At 7:10 AM of June 5, Major General Mordechai Hod, commander of Israel's air force, radioed the attack order from the operations room of the defense ministry in Tel Aviv. ...The Six-Day War ended officially at 6:30 PM, Israel time, on June 10." [A History of Israel, Howard M. Sachar, New York: Knopf, 1996; pp. 639, 658]
The Jewish holy site known as the Western Wall (Wailing Wall) was taken by Israeli soldiers on 7 June at approximately 9:00 AM. [Sachar, p. 654] An event that shocked the world was the assault by Palestinian gunmen on Israeli athletes at the Summer Olympics in Munich, Germany; this was on 5 September 1972, beginning at 5:00 AM. [Chronicle of the 20th Century] It was a horrific spasm in a period of simmering tension, and Israel's military promptly retaliated by bombing and strafing Palestinian guerrilla bases in Lebanon and Syria.
The 1973 war, often called the Yom Kippur War, began on 6 October: "at 2:00 PM. As the Israeli cabinet was gathered in emergency session, a military aide suddenly entered the conference room and whispered urgently to Prime Minister Mrs. Golda Meir, "The enemy onslaught had begun." [Sachar, p. 755] Within two weeks, the Egyptian attack on the Sinai frontier had been blunted as Israeli units crossed the Suez Canal and trapped Egypt's 3rd Army; a cease-fire with Egypt was formally signed 11 November. On the Syrian front, the battle was more protracted, and a cease-fire agreement was not reached until 31 May 1974.
A major Israeli political shift took place in the wake of the 1973-74 war: the organization of the hard-line Likud Party, led by Menachem Begin. The Labour Party had been in power since independence, but Likud replaced Labour in the election of 13 May 1977.
Northern Israeli settlements continued to be harassed from across the Lebanese border, leading Israel to launch an invasion 6 June 1982, reportedly beginning at 11:00 AM local time; a massive bombardment of PLO targets in Lebanon had begun on 4 June. It was a costly operation for Israel, and Israel continued to occupy a "security zone" in southern Lebanon until 24 May 2000. A major objective of the invasion was to expel the PLO from Lebanon, and in the process Israeli forces, directed by Ariel Sharon, were at least complicit in the massacre of thousands of Palestinian men, women and children at
two refugee camps on 16-17 September 1982. Arabs were enraged, Israelis were horrified: at least 400,000 protested in the streets of Tel Aviv on 24 September 1982.
In this same general period, Israeli warplanes boldly struck at the nuclear reactor under construction at Tuwaitah, Iraq; they took off from the Etzion base in the Sinai at 4:00 PM on 7 June 1981. "With the setting sun behind them," they dropped bombs that penetrated the protective dome and destroyed the reactor inside. [Sachar, p. 879]
Continuing the campaign against the PLO, Israeli planes flew 1500 miles across the Mediterranean to bomb PLO headquarters 12 miles south of Tunis, Tunisia, on 1 October 1985, destroying Yassir Arafat's political headquarters and residence and those of several
other PLO officials.
On 5 October 1986 the London Sunday Times published a story on Israeli nuclear armaments, using insider information supplied by Mordechai Vanunu. The article asserted that Israel possessed 100-200 nuclear weapons. Vanunu subsequently disappeared from London, then was secretly tried and imprisoned in Israel.
The next major flare-up was the Palestinian intifadeh (uprising), which began 9 December 1987 as a spontaneous protest of 20 years of Israeli rule and Jewish settlement in the Occupied Territories. The second intifadeh began in response to Ariel Sharon's visit to the Temple Mount, sacred to Muslims, on 28 September 2000."
Milestones in the peace process include:
The Camp David Preliminary Agreement (Egypt-Israel) of 17 September 1978 (following the total lunar eclipse the previous day);
Formal peace treaty of 26 March 1979;
Oslo accord (PLO-Israel) of 13 September 1993;
Israel-Jordan treaty of 26 October 1994;
The Wye Agreement on West Bank and Gaza Strip territories of 23 October 1998 (ceremony concluded at 5:44 pm EDT, 38N50/76W05 -- because of the beginning of Sabbath at 6:00 pm)
The meeting to announce the birth of the new state was called for 4:00 PM and this time is sometimes used as the birth of Israel. Ben Gurion commenced by reading the independence statement and concluded with the declaration, "The State of Israel has arisen" precisely at 4:37:30 PM (words broadcast by radio). At the following midnight, the independence was fait accompli.
- other associate with Ben-Gurion, David (born 16 October 1886)
- compare to chart of Meir, Golda (born 2 May 1898 Jul.Cal. (14 May 1898 greg.))
- compare to chart of Sharon, Ariel (born 26 February 1928)
In May 2009 PT changed the time to 4:00 PM to coincide with the material quoted in Nick Campion's book, "World Horoscopes." Nicholas Campion's Book of World Horoscopes describes the basic situation: "In the atmosphere of crisis, and an invasion by the Arab Legion at dawn on 12 May, the Jewish leaders arranged a meeting to proclaim independence at 4.00 pm on 14 May in the Tel Aviv museum... The meeting began precisely at 4.00 pm, as arranged, when [David] Ben-Gurion, the first prime minister, struck the table with his gavel. The audience then rose spontaneously and burst into the Hatikva, the anthem of the Zionist movement. It is clear that Ben-Gurion himself regarded 4.00 pm as the critical time...Ben-Gurion finished reading the independence statement and manifesto at 4.24 pm. The scroll of independence was then signed by the 24 members of the National Committee who were present and the meeting concluded at 4.32 pm when Ben-Gurion spoke the words 'Israel has been born!' Isaac Starkman adds on the Astro.com Forum, “In 1985 Alexander Marr rectified the chart to 16.15.07 EET Asc 26Lib15’, using his razor sharp methods. It was published in his book ‘Political Astrology’. As I’m living in Israel, I checked this chart with many events and I have no doubt for the correctness of his rectification."
Formerly this entry carried a time of 4:47 PM [sic; probably a typo] with the following source notes: “Peter Doughty uses 4:37 PM EET: Noel Tyl presents the data for 4:00 PM EET. Doughty writes, "Any astrohistorical account of the modern state of Israel must begin by acknowledging a degree of uncertainty about the moment marking the beginning of nationhood. The date is indisputable: 14 May 1948, the day before British rule under League of Nations mandate was scheduled to end. The day was a Friday, and the Jewish Sabbath would begin at sundown: the need to act before then was urgent."
"The horoscope in Mundane Astrology is given for 4.37 PM on 14 May, based on a slightly different version of events...""It is that latter time that I have used. It yields a chart with 1° Scorpio rising which, to my mind, accords with the rise of the Israeli state two millenia after Rome's crushing conquest, which included the destruction of the Second Temple in Jerusalem (70 CE). A recent watershed event supporting this contention -- the assassination of Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin (4 November 1995, 9:40 PM, Tel Aviv) -- was preceded, two weeks earlier, by a total solar eclipse in that degree!"
On 3 August 2014 Starkman add: The source for the time 4.37 as given in Mundane Astrology by Baigent/Campion/Harvey is Michael Bar-Zohar's biography on Ben Gurion, but is definitely incorrect. The ceremony ended exactly at 4.32.
- Mundane : Political : Announcements
- Mundane : Political : Battles
- Mundane : Political : Birth of State or Country