|Birthname||Joseph Willem Mengelberg|
|born on||28 March 1871 at 02:30 (= 02:30 AM )|
|Place||Utrecht, Netherlands, 52n06, 5e07|
|Timezone||LMT m5e07 (is local mean time)|
|Astrology data||06°58' 23°58 Asc. 08°26'|
Dutch conductor of the Amsterdam Symphony and the London Symphonic Orchestra, the Concertgebouworkest.
He was the 4th of fifteen children of the Dutch-German sculptor Friedrich Wilhelm Mengelberg (1837–1919).
From 1895 to 1945 he was the principal conductor of the Concertgebouworkest. Since 1902 he was befriended with Gustav Mahler, who also came to Amsterdam to conduct and edit his symphonies so that they better fitted the the famous acoustics of the Concertgebouw. He lost his job after WW2 , because of his loyalty during WW2 to the Nazi occupiers. He was banned to conduct for six years (initially life-long).
Between 1922 and 1928, Mengelberg was music director of the New York Philharmonic Orchestra. Since January 1926, he shared the podium with Arturo Toscanini. They often clashed about interpretations. The autocratic Mengelberg was described by Fred Goldbeck as "the perfect dictator/conductor, a Napoleon of the orchestra".
Mengelberg died March 21, 1951 in exile place Zuort, Sent, Switzerland.
- associate relationship with Haitink, Bernard (born 4 March 1929). Notes: Admired the Mahler interpretations of the great Concertgebouworkest conductor Willem Mengelberg
- business associate/partner relationship with Mahler, Gustav (born 7 July 1860)
- (has as) student relationship with Kempen, Paul van (born 16 May 1893)
- (has as) other hierarchical relationship with Vincent, Jo (born 6 March 1898). Notes: conductor of the Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra
Cirkels quotes Snethlage: Lescaut the same from Barbault, B.C.
Svi retrieved BC from online municipal archive of Utrecht: indeed 28 March 1871 at 02:30 AM.
- Vocation : Entertain/Music : Conductor