Marie Louise, Duchess of Parma
|Birthname||Maria Ludovica Leopoldina von Habsburg-Lothringen|
|born on||12 December 1791 at 23:30 (= 11:30 PM )|
|Place||Vienna, Austria, 48n13, 16e20|
|Timezone||LMT m16e20 (is local mean time)|
|Astrology data||20°57' 16°34 Asc. 18°18'|
Austrian-French royalty, Archduchess of Austria who later became empress of the French as the second wife of the emperor Napoleon I. Later, she was duchess of Parma, Piacenza and Guastalla, 1816-47.
A member of the House of Habsburg, Marie-Louise was the eldest daughter of the Holy Roman emperor Francis II and Maria Theresa of Naples-Sicily. She was the niece of Marie-Antoinette, queen of France. Napoleon was looking for a wife with royal blood, having decided to dissolve his childless marriage to Joséphine when the Austrian statesman, Klemens von Metternich, apparently suggested Marie-Louise. The marriage was arranged in February 1810, and on 4/01/1810, they were married in a ceremony in Paris. On 3/20/1811, she gave birth to his son, Napoleon II, the long-awaited heir to the throne, the king of Rome and the future Duke von Reichstadt.
After Napoleon’s first abdication on 4/11/1814, she and her son returned to Vienna, Austria and ignored entreaties to join him in exile in Elba. Their estrangement became permanent when he threatened to abduct her forcibly. She was awarded duchies at the Congress of Vienna, and ruled ineptly from Parma. In 1831, she was forced to take refuge with the Austrian garrison in Piacenza due to a rebellion, but was soon restored to power.
Following Napoleon’s death, she entered into a morganatic marriage with Adam Adalbert, Count von Neipperg, in September 1821. He had been her lover for quite some time, and she had already borne him two children. She visited the dying Duke von Reichstadt in Vienna in 1832, and then in February 1934, she contracted a second morganatic marriage, with Charles René, Count de Bombelles. Marie-Louise died in Parma and was buried in the Capuchin Church in Vienna.
- parent->child relationship with Bonaparte, Napoléon II (born 20 March 1811)
- child->parent relationship with Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor (born 12 February 1768)
- child->parent relationship with Maria Teresa, Holy Roman Empress (born 6 June 1772)
- spouse relationship with Bonaparte, Napoléon I (born 15 August 1769)
- sibling relationship with Ferdinand I, Emperor of Austria (born 19 April 1793)
- sibling relationship with Franz Karl, Archduke of Austria (born 7 December 1802)
- sibling relationship with Josef Franz, Archduke of Austria (born 9 April 1799)
- sibling relationship with Karoline Ferdinande, Archduchess of Austria (born 8 April 1801)
- sibling relationship with Karoline Leopoldine, Archduchess of Austria (born 8 June 1794)
- sibling relationship with Karoline Ludovika, Archduchess of Austria (born 4 December 1795)
- sibling relationship with Maria Anna, Archduchess of Austria (1804) (born 8 June 1804)
- sibling relationship with Maria Klementine, Archduchess of Austria (born 1 March 1798)
- sibling relationship with Maria Leopoldine, Archduchess of Austria (born 22 January 1797)
- Relationship : Begin significant relationship February 1810 (Arranged marriage to Napoleon)
chart Placidus Equal_H.
- Work : Gain social status 1816 (Duchess of Parma, Piacenza and Guastalla, 31 years)
- Family : Change residence 1831 (Took refuge)
- Social : Begin Travel 1832 at 12:00 midnight in Vienna, Austria (Went to Vienna)
Dana Holliday quotes Alan Palmer, "Napoleon and Mari-Louise," p.2, published in England by Constable.
Sy Scholfield quotes same data from "Die Kaisergruft bei den Kapuzinern in Wien" by Cölestin Wolfsgruber (Vienna, 1887), p. 313: "Am 12. December 1791 ... um ½12 Uhr nachts."
On 19 Feb 2017 Scholfield changed the rating from B to A, having forwarded news report from "Wiener Zeitung," 14 Dec 1791, p. 1: "Montags ... Maria Theresia ... Die durchlauchtigste Erzherzoginn wurde Nachts um halb 12 Uhr von einer Erzherzogin entbunden." (On Monday ... Maria Theresia ... The most illustrious Archduchess was delivered of an Archduchess at half-before 12 o'clock [11:30] at night").
- Family : Relationship : Mate - Noted (Napoleon)
- Family : Relationship : Number of Marriages (Three)
- Family : Relationship : Stress - Distant (Arranged marriage)
- Family : Parenting : Kids 1-3 (Three)
- Notable : Famous : Royal family (Austria-France)
- Notable : Book Collection : Profiles Of Women