Leopold I, King of Belgium
|Birthname||Leopold Georg Christian Friedrich|
|born on||16 December 1790 at 01:30 (= 01:30 AM )|
|Place||Coburg, Germany, 50n15, 10e58|
|Timezone||LMT m10e58 (is local mean time)|
|Astrology data||24°21' 23°26 Asc. 12°25'|
Belgian royalty. Leopold I of Saxe Coburg-Gotha was the first king of Belgium, and he was instrumental in strengthening the nation’s parliamentary system. Sometimes referred to as the "Nestor of Europe," Leopold was a leading figure in European diplomacy and worked scrupulously to maintain Belgian neutrality.
The fourth son of Francis, duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, Leopold entered the military service of Russia when he was 18 years old. In 1813, he accepted the post of cavalry general from Alexander I, and he fought in the major battles during 1813-14. He was offered the crown of the new Greek kingdom in 1830 but turned it down. Then in 1831, he was elected king of the Belgians and began working to improve the country’s army. In 1836, he granted more political autonomy to the large towns and rural areas of his country, and until 1839, he worked to maintain a Liberal-Christian coalition that expanded the education system. With the growing power of Napoleon III and Otto von Bismarck of Prussia, Leopold’s influence declined.
While accompanying the czar on a trip to England, he met Princess Charlotte, heiress-presumptive to the British throne, and they were married in May 1816. After her death in 1817 during childbirth, he remained in London. In 1832, he married Marie-Louise of Orléans, daughter of the French king Louis-Philippe. He had children from his second marriage. His daughter, Carlota, married Maximilian, archduke of Austria, a marriage that Leopold negotiated as part of his ongoing effort to strengthen ties with France, England and Austria, and his son was Leopold Louis Philippe Marie Victor, who was king of Belgium from 1865-1909.
Leopold died 12/10/1865, 11:45 AM, Laeken, Belgium.
- parent->child relationship with Carlota, Empress of Mexico (born 7 June 1840)
- parent->child relationship with Leopold II, King of Belgium (born 9 April 1835)
- parent->child relationship with Louis Philippe, Crown Prince of Belgium (born 24 July 1833)
- parent->child relationship with Philippe, Count of Flanders (born 24 March 1837)
- parent->child relationship with von Eppinghoven, Georges-Frédéric (born 14 November 1849)
- spouse relationship with Charlotte Augusta, Princess (born 7 January 1796)
- sibling relationship with Ernst I. von Sachsen-Coburg-Gotha (born 2 January 1784)
- sibling relationship with Ferdinand von Sachsen-Coburg (born 28 March 1785)
- sibling relationship with Sophie von Sachsen-Coburg-Saalfeld (born 19 August 1778)
- sibling relationship with Victoire von Sachsen-Coburg-Saalfeld (born 17 August 1786)
- other kin relationship with Léopold of Belgium, Duke of Brabant (born 12 June 1859). Notes: Grandkin
- Work : New Career 1813 (Cavalry general, one year)
- Death of Mate 1817 (Charlotte dies in childbirth)
- Work : Contracts, agreements 1830 (Offered crown but refused)
- Work : Gain social status 1831 (King of Belgians)
- Relationship : Marriage 1832 (Marie-Loiuse)
- Social : Great Publicity 1836 (Granted more political autonomy)
- Death, Cause unspecified 10 December 1865 at 11:45 AM in Laeken, Belgium (Age 75)
chart Placidus Equal_H.
Jany Bessiere quotes Damain 1/1934 for B.R. p.123.
Sy Scholfield cites the certificate of birth and baptism transcribed in "Memoirs of Leopold I, King of the Belgians" by Théodore Juste (London Sampson Low, Son, and Marston, 1868), p 273: "born between one and two o'clock AM of December 16th, 1790, at Coburg."
- Family : Relationship : Number of Marriages (Two)
- Family : Relationship : Widowed (Princess Charlotte)
- Family : Parenting : Kids 1-3 (Two, one son and one daughter)
- Notable : Famous : Royal family (Belgium)