|Birthname||Hedwig Eva Marie Kiesler|
|born on||9 November 1914 at 19:30 (= 7:30 PM )|
|Place||Vienna, Austria, 48n13, 16e20|
|Timezone||MET h1e (is standard time)|
|Astrology data||16°31' 02°04 Asc. 09°35'|
Austrian actress once considered to be the most beautiful woman in motion pictures, whose first film, "Ecstasy," 1937, had been banned in the U.S. for a nude scene. In remarkable contrast to her on-screen image, she owned the patent on which wireless data networking is based, having conceived the idea of transmitting information in such a way that instead of being transmitted on a single frequency, it could be sent on several.
Lamarr was born in 1913, 1914, or 1915 depending on which bio you can believe (1914 has been the year most astrologers use) to a comfortably-fixed Viennese family, an only child. Permitted to appear in a few plays by her disapproving parents, she always wanted to be an actress. At age 15, she ran away from school, went to the Sascha Film Studio and was hired as a script girl. A producer saw her, gave her a screen test, and after several insignificant parts she was given the lead in a movie that became known as "Ecstasy," which contained the famous scene in which she swam nude.
She came to the U.S. in 1937, not speaking English, with a film debut the following year in "Algiers." Movies that followed included "Lady of the Tropics," 1939, "I Take This Woman," 1939, "Boomtown," 1940, "Comrade X," 1940, "Ziegfield Girl," 1941, "Come Live with Me," 1941, "Tortilla Flat," 1942, "White Cargo," 1942, "Crossroads," 1942 and "Heavenly Body," 1943.
Forming her own production company, Lamarr made two mediocre movies, "The Strange Woman," 1946, and "Dishonored Lady," 1947. Cecil B. DeMille cast her in the title role in "Sampson and Delilah," 1949, followed by "Copper Canyon," 1950, "My Favorite Spy," 1951 and an Italian flop, "The Face That Launched 1000 Ships," in 1953. She didn't appear in another production until 1957, "The Story of Mankind," which also flopped.
Lamarr's connection with technology first surfaced in 1940. That summer, she and George Antheil, an internationally-famous musician, worked several months on the exact details of an invention that was loosely based on placing a synchronized player piano mechanism into a torpedo. Lamarr and Antheil dreamed up their frequency-hopping concept as a way to keep Nazi ships from jamming Allied torpedo signals. In December of 1940, they sent a description of their idea to the National Inventor's Council. The invention caused some excitement, and there was an article about it on 10/1/1941 in the "New York Times." Patent number 2,292,387 for the "secret communication system" was granted 8/11/1942 under her married name, Hedy Keisler Markey.
It wasn't until 1957 that engineers at the Sylvania Electron Systems division used transistor electronics to accomplish the goal Lamarr and Antheil had in mind. In 1962, after her patent had expired, the concept of frequency hopping was used by the U.S. government in the communications system placed aboard ships sent out to blockade Cuba. Lamarr never earned a penny for the invention that is behind the latest in wireless Internet transmission, among other things.
Lamarr was married six times. In 1933, she was placed into an arranged marriage with an Austrian armament manufacturer named Fritz Mandal, who was reputed to sell arms even in violation of the Versailles Treaty. She lived in the Salzburg Castle where the "Sound of Music" was filmed. They were married four years, when Hedy escaped to cruise to Hollywood, where the movie studios insisted she change her name to avoid the controversy over "Ecstasy." After Mandal, she married screenwriter Gene Markey, a 20th Century Fox producer; then John Loder, with whom she produced "Dishonored Lady" in 1947, and with whom she adopted her son, Anthony. After Loder was Ted Stauffer in 1951, with the marriage lasting less than a year. She married oilman Howard Lee in 1953, and they divorced in 1959. Another marriage, to an attorney, failed after two years.
After her last picture in 1958, she went through a period of illness with psychological and family problems. In November 1965 she was arrested for leaving a Los Angeles department store with articles she'd neglected to pay for, but was acquitted and given a standing ovation in the courtroom. She moved to New York after this. Legal suits became a way of life. She once estimated that she has gone through $30 million.
In 1966, her biography, "Ecstasy and Me," was published. Though she supposedly cooperated with its writing, she tried to get a court injunction to stop its publication. The injunction failed.
On 3/12/1997, Lamarr, who resides in Florida, was finally honored by the Electronic Frontier Foundation for her technology contribution. Her son, Anthony Loder, accepted an award for his mother, and played an audiotape of her for the audience - the first time she had spoken in public in over 20 years. Ironically, Anthony owns a phone store in Los Angeles in which half the phone systems are based on his mother's pioneering concept.
Lamarr was found dead in her Orlando, Florida home on 1/19/2000, age 86.
- spouse relationship with Markey, Gene (born 11 December 1895)
- Relationship : Marriage 1933 (Arranged marriage to Fritz Mandal)
- Family : Change residence 1937 (Emmigrated to U.S.)
- Work : Begin Major Project December 1940 (Started work on electrical transmitted info)
chart Placidus Equal_H.
- Work : Published/ Exhibited/ Released 1 October 1941 (Article in N.Y. Times on invention)
chart Placidus Equal_H.
- Work : Published/ Exhibited/ Released 1946 (Own movie out of her own production company)
- Work : Published/ Exhibited/ Released 1949 (Film "Sampson and Delilah")
- Relationship : Marriage 1951 (Ted Stauffer)
- Relationship : Marriage 1953 (Howard Lee)
- Work : Retired 1958 (Last appeared in film)
- Relationship : Divorce dates 1959 (From Howard)
- Social : Great Publicity 1966 (Biography published)
Blanca Holmes quotes her in Wynn magazine 10/1944. Same in Sabian Symbols No.540. (Some reference sources give 1915)
(Yoe Stein quotes Tony Carlisle who talked to Lamarr in 1959 on the phone. He told her that November 13 was astrologically important to her and she said, "Oh my, that's my birthday. No one knows it though." Though this is hearsay evidence, it may be considered.)
- Traits : Body : Appearance gorgeous
- Traits : Body : Hair (Black)
- Diagnoses : Body Part Problems : Surgery (Eye)
- Diagnoses : Psychological : Nervous Breakdown (1958---)
- Family : Relationship : Number of Marriages (Six)
- Family : Parenting : Foster, Step, or Adopted Kids (Adopted son Anthony)
- Family : Parenting : Kids 1-3 (Three)
- Family : Parenting : Kids -Traumatic event (Son homicide)
- Lifestyle : Home : Expatriate (Moved to U.S.)
- Passions : Criminal Perpetrator : Lawsuit instigated (Became part of her life style)
- Passions : Criminal Perpetrator : Thief/ Financial crime (Shoplifting)
- Passions : Criminal Victim : Lawsuit sued
- Vocation : Beauty : Sex-symbol
- Vocation : Entertainment : Actor/ Actress
- Notable : Book Collection : Profiles Of Women