Juliana, Queen of the Netherlands

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Name
Juliana, Queen of the Netherlands Gender: F
Juliana Louise Emma Marie Wilhelmina
born on 30 April 1909 at 06:50 (= 06:50 AM )
Place The Hague, Netherlands, 52n06, 4e18
Timezone LST m4e53 (is standard time)
Data source
News report
Rodden Rating A
Collector: De Marre
Astrology data s_su.18.gif s_taucol.18.gif 09°16' s_mo.18.gif s_vircol.18.gif 11°22 Asc.s_gemcol.18.gif 23°38'



Queen of the Netherlands Juliana

Biography

Dutch Queen of Holland 09/06/1948 upon abdication of her mother, Queen Wilhelmina, due to her mother's poor health. She had been a member of the Council of State for 20 years and was considered the mother of the country. Unpretentious, her countrymen considered her one of them. Juliana abdicated the throne to her daughter, Beatrix, in 1980.

Juliana was born in the Royal Palace at The Hague, province of South Holland, the only child of Queen Wilhelmina and Prince Henry (Wladimir Albert Ernst) of The Netherlands, Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin. Her parents had waited eight years for a child and her arrival was celebrated by a 51-gun salute. She was baptized Julianna Louise Emma Marie Wilhelmina, Princess of Orange-Nassau, Duchess of Mecklenburg, each name honoring a distinguished relative. She enjoyed a fairly normal childhood, playing with dolls, riding ponies and playing in the sandbox at Het Loo palace, originally built as a hunting lodge. Later, during World War II, the family lived mostly in Huis Ten Bosch (House in the Woods) near The Hague.

Princess Juliana was privately tutored with a few other girls by a progressive teacher. She learned to skate, ride a horse and bicycle, and to speak French, German and English. She studied Latin and Greek, history, geography, constitutional law, economics, mathematics and physics.

On 04/30/1927, Juliana came of age at 18 and was given her own income, staff and home, the Kneuterdijk Palace at The Hague. She became a member of the Dutch Reformed Church and a member of the State Council, the Queen’s highest advisory board. In September of that year, she entered the University of Leiden, as a regular student enrolled as Julia van Bueren. There she studied Dutch literature, Indonesian law, international law, ethnology and history. After two and a half years she was awarded an honorary degree in literature and philosophy.

During the economic depression of the 1930s Juliana formed a National Crisis Committee to foster measures by private enterprise to help alleviate the distress. In 1934 she became president of The Netherlands Red Cross after the death of her father, who had headed the organization for years. Her engagement, on 09/08/1936, to German Prince Bernhard of Lippe-Biesterfeld during the Nazi period prompted careful investigation of his political ideas. They were married on 01/07/1937 in a simple ceremony and moved into the Soedstdijk Palace the following April, after it had been modernized by Queen Wilhelmina as a wedding gift.

Princess Beatrix was born on 1/31/1938 and Princess Irene was born on 8/05/1939. Princess Juliana and her two daughters left The Hague on 5/12/1940 during the German occupation and moved to Ottawa, Canada at the invitation of her aunt, Princess Alice, wife of Canada’s Governor-General. Her husband remained with Queen Wilhelmina’s government in London. Her third child, Princess Margriet, was born in Canada on 1/19/1943. During her exile she was active in war charities and made trips to the U.S. and to Dutch Guiana, becoming the first member of the house of Orange to go to that Netherlands colony in South America. She and her family returned to The Netherlands after the war in 1945 and acted as regent during Wilhelmina’s illnesses. Juliana's fourth child, Princess Maria Christine was born there on 2/18/1947. The arrival of a fourth daughter completed three generations without any male heirs.

Wilhelmina abdicated to Juliana on 9/06/1948. As Queen, she presided over the ceremony in 1949 that ended the 300-year sovereignty of the Dutch East Indies, granting them independence and losing most of her empire in the East Indies. She successfully brought her country through the difficult post-war rehabilitation years, and transformed The Netherlands from a debtor to a creditor nation, contributing to its economic stability.

Several controversies marked her reign. Her use of a faith healer in the 1950s caused public concern. The marriages of Princess Irene in 1964 and Princess Beatrix in 1966 caused political contention. Prince Bernhard’s acceptance of large sums of money from U.S. Lockheed Aircraft Corporation in 1976 created a crisis. However, Juliana withstood these challenges. By her own wish, she abdicated to Beatrix on 04/30/1980.

Called Princess Juliana after her abdication in 1980, the beloved matriarch of the Royal Family died on March 20, 2004. According to the official palace press release, she died in her sleep at her home in the Soestdijk Palace in Baarn, The Netherlands, at 5:50 AM local time. The cause of her death was pneumonia although she had been in deteriorating health for several months. She was 94.

Link to Wikipedia biography

Relationships

Events

  • Financial : Gain significant money 30 April 1927 (Gained monies and home, coming of age)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Work : New Job 1934 (President of the Red Cross)
  • Relationship : Begin significant relationship 8 September 1936 (Engaged to Prince Bernhard)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Relationship : Marriage 7 January 1937 (Prince Bernhard)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Family : Change in family responsibilities 31 January 1938 (First daughter Beatrix born)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Family : Change in family responsibilities 5 August 1939 (Daughter Irene born)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Family : Change residence 12 May 1940 (Moved to Canada)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Family : Change in family responsibilities 19 January 1943 (Third daughter Margriet born)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Family : Change residence 1945 (Moved back to the Netherlands)
  • Family : Change in family responsibilities 18 February 1947 (Last daughter Maria Christine born)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Work : Gain social status 6 September 1948 (Crowned Queen of Holland)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Other Family 1964 (Princess Irene marries)
  • Other Family 1966 (Princess Beatrix marries)
  • Social : Great Publicity 1976 (Prince Bernhard accepts money from Lockheed)
  • Work : Retired 30 April 1980 (Abdicated to Princess Beatrix)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Death by Disease 20 March 2004 at 05:50 AM in Baarn, Netherlands (died of pneumonia in her sleep, age 94)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.

Source Notes

LMR stated: Luc De Marre quotes B.C. (6:50 AM Amsterdam time). But that De Marre retrieved her BC seems unlikely.

The Dutch paper NRC of 9 Dec 20003 quotes the special edition of the Dutch Staatscourant of 30 April 1909 announcing the birth of Princess Juliana: "Hare Majesteit de Koningin is heden morgen door Gods goedheid voorspoedig bevallen van eene Prinses. Omtrent deze heugelijke gebeurtenis is door de geneesheren uitgegeven het navolgende bulletin: Hare Majesteit de Koningin, die heden morgen om 6 uur 50 minuten van eene dochter beviel, is naar omstandigheden zeer goed. Ook de jonggeboren Prinses is welvarend."

The text "heden morgen om 6 uur 50 minuten" translates as 6h50 AM. As the time was given by the medical doctors ("de geneesheren"), it is likely the BC time.

Categories

  • Family : Childhood : Advantaged (Royalty)
  • Family : Childhood : Only child
  • Family : Relationship : Marriage more than 15 Yrs (From 1937)
  • Family : Relationship : Mate - Noted (Prince Bernhard)
  • Family : Parenting : Kids more than 3 (Four girls, no male children for three generations)
  • Lifestyle : Work : Same Job more than 10 yrs (Council of State, 20 years)
  • Lifestyle : Financial : Philanthropist (Time and money to charities)
  • Vocation : Business : Top executive (President of Red Cross)
  • Notable : Famous : Royal family (Netherlands)
  • Notable : Book Collection : Profiles Of Women

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