Joseph II, Holy Roman Emperor
|born on||13 March 1741 at 02:00 (= 02:00 AM )|
|Place||Wien, Austria, 48n13, 16e20|
|Timezone||LMT m16e20 (is local mean time)|
|Astrology data||22°33' 22°59 Asc. 22°36'|
Holy Roman Emperor from 1765 to 1790 and ruler of the Habsburg lands from 1780 to 1790. He was the eldest son of Empress Maria Theresa and her husband, Francis I, and was the brother of Marie Antoinette. He was thus the first ruler in the Austrian dominions of the House of Lorraine, styled Habsburg-Lorraine (von Habsburg-Lothringen in German). Joseph was a proponent of enlightened absolutism; however, his commitment to modernizing reforms subsequently engendered significant opposition, which eventually culminated in an ultimate failure to fully implement his programmes. He has been ranked, with Catherine II of Russia and Frederick II of Prussia, as one of the three great Enlightenment monarchs. His policies are now known as Josephinism. He died with no sons and was succeeded by his younger brother, Leopold.
He died 20 February 1790.
- child->parent relationship with Maria Therese, Holy Roman Empress (born 13 May 1717)
- sibling relationship with Johanna Gabriele, Archduchess of Austria (born 4 February 1750)
- sibling relationship with Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor (born 5 May 1747)
- sibling relationship with Maria Anna, Archduchess of Austria (born 6 October 1738)
- sibling relationship with Maria Christina, Duchess of Teschen (born 13 May 1742)
- sibling relationship with Marie Antoinette, Queen Consort (born 2 November 1755)
On 29/4/14 Sy Scholfield quotes "Joseph II: Volume 1, In the Shadow of Maria Theresa, 1741-1780" by Derek Beales (Cambridge University Press, 2008), p. 26: "Amid all these difficulties the long-awaited prince, the future Joseph II, was born at two o'clock in the morning of Monday, 13 March 1741, in the Hofburg in Vienna." Same data in "Kaiserin Maria Theresia, die Stammutter des Hauses Habsburg-Lothringen in ihren Leben und Wirken: Gedenkbuch zur Enthüllung ihres Monumentes und zum 40-jährigen Regierungsjubiläum Seiner Majestät Kaiser Franz Josef I." (A.W. Künast, 1888), p. 68.
Original source notes; same data rated C (original source not known): Taeger quotes Lescaut, DAV quotes Moufang.
- Notable : Famous : Royal family (House of Habsburg-Lorraine)