Jolyot de Crébillon, Claude Prosper
|born on||14 February 1707 at 10:30 (= 10:30 AM )|
|Place||Paris, France, 48n52, 2e20|
|Timezone||LMT m2e20 (is local mean time)|
|Astrology data||25°08' 26°02 Asc. 27°40'|
French novelist, the son of a famous tragedian, Prosper Jolyot de Crébillon. Early on he composed various light works, including plays for the Italian Theatre in Paris, and published a short tale called Le Sylphe in 1730. From 1729 to 1739 he participated in a series of dinners called "Le Caveau" (named after the cabaret where they were held) with other artists, including Alexis Piron, Charles Collé, and Charles Duclos.
The publication of Tanzaï et Neadarne, histoire japonaise (1734), which contained veiled attacks on the Papal bull Unigenitus, the cardinal de Rohan and others, landed him briefly in the prison at Vincennes. Publication of Le Sopha, conte moral, an erotic political satire, in 1742 forced him into exile from Paris for several months.
Around 1744 he entered into a romantic liaison with Lady Henrietta Maria Stafford, daughter of a Jacobite chamberlain, and they were married in 1748. A son born in 1746 died in 1750. Despite financial hardship, they lived together until her death in 1755. Meanwhile, he published La Nuit et le moment (1745), Ah! quel conte! and Les Heureux Orphelins (1754). Inheriting nothing from Henriette, he was forced to sell his large library in 1757 and eventually found steady income as a royal censor (like his father) in 1759. In 1768 and 1772 he published his last two novels, Lettres de la duchesse de *** au duc de *** and Lettres athéniennes.
He died on April 12, 1777.
Sy Scholfield cites baptismal record at Saint-Etienne 15/2/1707 quoted in "Dictionnaire critique de biographie et d'histoire" by Augustin Jal (H. Plon, 1867), p. 454: "Claude- Prosper, fils de Prosper Jolyot de Crébillon, et de damoisellc Marie-Charlotte Puget, son épouse, né le jour précédent, à dix heures et demie du matin," [Translation: Claude-Prosper, son of Prosper Jolyot Crebillon and Marie-Charlotte Puget, his wife, was born the previous day [i.e. 14/2/1707] at half past ten in the morning].
- Vocation : Writers : Fiction (Novelist)