|born on||7 September 1709 Jul.Cal. (18 Sep 1709 greg.) at 15:53 (= 3:53 PM )|
|Place||Lichfield, England, 52n42, 1w48|
|Timezone||LMT m1w48 (is local mean time)|
|Astrology data||25°29' 21°28 Asc. 22°30'|
British writer of letter's, essays, reviews, lexicographer and known as England's greatest man of letters. Noted for a stupendous intellect, energy and passion, Johnson suffered through early poverty and received fame and notoriety by mid-life.
After his father died in 1731, he organized a school in Litchfield and married Mrs. Elisabeth Porter, 20 years his senior. The school failed and he moved to London in 1737 becoming a hack writer for "Gentleman's Magazine." With the publication of "The Vanity of Human Wishes" he became a noted poet and in 1764, he and Sir Joshua Reynolds founded the Literary Club. Johnson published his "Dictionary" after nine years of work and effort in 1755. Dublin University granted an honorary doctorate to Johnson in 1765 and he received one from Oxford in 1775.
His first wife died in 1752 and he established a close friendship with Mrs. Hester Thrale from 1765, who helped write his memoirs. Johnson died of renal disease, 12/13/1784 London, England.
- associate relationship with Burke, Richard Jr. (born 9 February 1758)
- friend relationship with Boswell, James (born 18 October 1740 Jul.Cal. (29 Oct 1740 greg.))
- friend relationship with Reynolds, Frances (born 10 May 1729 Jul.Cal. (21 May 1729 greg.))
- friend relationship with Reynolds, Joshua (born 16 July 1723 Jul.Cal. (27 July 1723 greg.))
- friend relationship with Thrale, Hester (born 27 January 1741)
- other kind of relationship with Chapman, Robert (born 5 October 1881). Notes: Editor of Johnson's letters
- Relationship : Marriage 1735 (Mrs. Elizabeth Porter)
- Work : New Job 1737 (Began hack writing in London)
- Work : Published/ Exhibited/ Released 1749 (Published noted poem, "The Vanity of Human Wishes")
- Death of Mate 1752 (Elizabeth died)
- Social : Joined group 1764 (Co-founder of the Literary Club)
- Relationship : Begin significant relationship 1765 (Mrs. Hester Thrale)
- Work : Gain social status 1765 (Received honorary doctorate from Dublin Univ.)
- Work : Gain social status 1775 (Received honorary doctorate from Oxford Univ.)
The original entry made by LMR gave September 29, 1709. However iIn November 2009 Diana Rosenberg sent a correction citing as the source: "Johnsonian Gleanings: Johnson's Early Life The Final Narrative" (Francis, 1909), p. 1, n.4: "On 12 March 1859, O. L. Chambers communicated a note to the effect that he possessed a volume consisting of three of Dr Johnson's works bound together, the inside cover of which bore the inscription : 'Ex dono Authoris Anna Williams'; and that at the end of the volume was inserted an old and tattered paper recording that 'Dr. Samuel Johnson was born the 7th day of September, 1709, at Litchfield, near the market-place, about four o'clock in the afternoon.' Few will doubt the authenticity of this evidence, or the accuracy of the information, which would doubtlessly be derived, directly or indirectly, from a family bible." Sept 7 1709 OS = Sept 18 1709 NS. PT agrees with Rosenberg; upon investigation it is not clear from LMR's notes why she changed the date from the 18th NS to the 29th. Her first printing of Astro-Data IV gives the 18th; she corrected it for the 2nd printing. LMR quotes John Wain, "Samuel Johnson," 1974, p.17, September 18, 1709 OS, four in the afternoon." (LAT) PT located a copy of the book; "The Market Square in Lichfield was quiet….Firday at four o'clock in the afternoon, Hector [George Hector, attendant] was able to take up the strangely inert yet living body of the child…." Boswell clearly says 18th NS.
- Traits : Mind : Education limited (Self taught, honorary doctorates, two univ.)
- Traits : Mind : Exceptional mind (Mental giant)
- Diagnoses : Major Diseases : Other Major diseases (Illness in later life)
- Family : Relationship : Mate - Age difference more than 15 yrs (Wife 20 years older)
- Family : Relationship : Number of Marriages (One, widowed)
- Lifestyle : Social Life : Groups (Founded the Literay Club)
- Vocation : Writers : Fiction (Essays, novels)
- Vocation : Writers : Religion/ Philosophy (Sermons, prayers)
- Vocation : Writers : Poet
- Vocation : Writers : Textbook/ Non-fiction (Lexicographer)
- Notable : Book Collection : Culture Collection