Johann Friedrich I, Elector of Saxony

From Astro-Databank
Jump to: navigation, search
Name
Johann Friedrich I, Elector of Saxony Gender: M
born on 30 June 1503 Jul.Cal. (10 July 1503 greg.) at 18:30 (= 6:30 PM )
Place Torgau, Germany, 51n34, 13e0
Timezone LMT m13e0 (is local mean time)
Data source
Bio/autobiography
Rodden Rating B
Collector: Scholfield
Astrology data s_su.18.gif s_cancol.18.gif 16°56' s_mo.18.gif s_libcol.18.gif 10°15 Asc.s_sagcol.18.gif 22°38'



Elector of Saxony Johann Friedrich I (Portrait by Lucas Cranach the Elder, 1531)

Biography

German nobility. Called John the Magnanimous, he was Elector of Saxony and Head of the Protestant Confederation of Germany (the Schmalkaldic League), and "Champion of the Reformation".

John Frederick was the eldest son of Elector John by his first wife, Sophie of Mecklenburg-Schwerin. His mother died fourteen days after his birth, on 12 July 1503.

He received his education from George Spalatin, Martin Luther's friend and advisor, and thereby cultivated a personal relationship with Luther. In 1532, John Frederick succeeded his father as elector. In the beginning he reigned with his half-brother, John Ernest, but in 1542 became sole ruler. He consolidated the Lutheran State Church and introduced the Reformation in the midst of growing discord.

The Battle of Mühlberg, 24 April 1547, went against him and dispersed his army. He received a slashing wound to the left side of his face, leaving him with a disfiguring scar from his lower eye socket down his cheek. He was taken prisoner by Emperor Charles V who condemned him to death as a convicted rebel. Imprisoned for life, he was released on 1 September 1552.

In Torgau on 9 February 1527 John Frederick had married Sibylle of Cleves. They had four sons. Johann Friedrich I died on 3 March 1554 in Weimar.

Link to Wikipedia biography

Relationships

  • friend relationship with Luther, Martin (born 10 November 1483 Jul.Cal. (19 Nov 1483 greg.))

Events

  • Death, Cause unspecified 3 March 1554 Jul.Cal. (13 Mar 1554 greg.)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.

Source Notes

Sy Scholfield quotes "Die Meißner Chronik: Von Erbauung der Stadt, bis zum Jahre 1588: nebst einem Anhang, Volume 1" by Moritz Grünewald (Rothe, 1829), p. 169: "Er war ein Sohn des Churfürsten Johann, und wurde am 30. Juni 1503 Abends zwischen 6 und 7 Uhr geboren.[Translation: He was a son of the Elector Johann, and was born on 30 June 1503 between 6 and 7 o'clock in the evening].

Categories

  • Notable : Famous : Royal family

Personal tools