|born on||6 May 1749 Jul.Cal. (17 May 1749 greg.)|
|Place||Berkeley, England, 51n42, 2w27|
|Timezone||LMT m2w27 (is local mean time)|
English physician and scientist who was the pioneer of smallpox vaccine, the world's first vaccine. He is often called "the father of immunology", and his work is said to have "saved more lives than the work of any other human".
In 1796, he carried out his now famous experiment on eight-year-old James Phipps. Jenner inserted pus taken from a cowpox pustule and inserted it into an incision on the boy's arm. He was testing his theory, drawn from the folklore of the countryside, that milkmaids who suffered the mild disease of cowpox never contracted smallpox, one of the greatest killers of the period, particularly among children. Jenner subsequently proved that having been inoculated with cowpox Phipps was immune to smallpox. He submitted a paper to the Royal Society in 1797 describing his experiment, but was told that his ideas were too revolutionary and that he needed more proof. Undaunted, Jenner experimented on several other children, including his own 11-month-old son. In 1798, the results were finally published and Jenner coined the word vaccine from the Latin 'vacca' for cow.
Jenner was elected Fellow of the Royal Society on 25 February 1789.
He died on 26 January 1823.
Birth time unknown. Starkman rectified it to 17 May 1749 NS, 6.16.36 LMT
- Vocation : Medical : Physician
- Vocation : Science : Biology
- Notable : Famous : First in Field (smallpox vaccine)