Hugo, Victor

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Name
Hugo, Victor Gender: M
Victor Marie Hugo
born on 26 February 1802 at 22:30 (= 10:30 PM )
Place Besançon, France, 47n15, 6e02
Timezone LMT m6e02 (is local mean time)
Data source
BC/BR in hand
Rodden Rating AA
Collector: Scholfield
Astrology data s_su.18.gif s_piscol.18.gif 07°39' s_mo.18.gif s_sagcol.18.gif 24°43 Asc.s_scocol.18.gif 02°09'



Victor Hugo

Biography

French writer, poet, dramatist, novelist, essayist, gifted painter, architect and critic who, as an eclectic genius, was hard-working, politically active and a humanitarian. His works include "The Hunchback of Notre Dame," 1831, the play "Lucrezia Borgia," 1833 and the novel "Les Miserable," 1862.

Hugo's father, an officer in Napoleon's army, did not get along well with his mother. Most of his early years from age two were spent in Paris where his mother preferred to live. He and his two brothers knew their father from occasional visits. At age seven he traveled with brother Eugene to Italy where their father was a military governor. In 1811-12 the boys visited their father who was a general by now, in Spain where he was governor of Madrid.

Educated in Paris and Madrid, Hugo wrote his first play at the age of 14, won many poetry prizes in school and helped found a magazine, which failed in 1821. Hugo's mother died the same year. After a period of extreme poverty, he was awarded an annual pension by Louis XVIII and went on to become the most prolific French writer of the 19th century. Always seeking to achieve the maximum literary beauty, he believed in the importance of the French language. Between 1822 and 1832 he became a leader in the literary rebellion called the Romantic movement. Hugo took part in the movement to secure France's architectural heritage in the 1820's and vehemently denounced vandalism. In 1832 he wrote "Le Roi S'Amuse" or "The King's Diversion" on which Verdi later based his opera "Rigoletto."

Many of his works were criticisms of social and political injustice. One of the reasons for writing the plays was to provide parts for the young actress Juliette Drouet who had become his mistress in 1833 and was to be his companion for the rest of her life. Hugo was a lusty man and Juliette was not his only mistress, but she was his most faithful. He recorded his many sexual encounters, the last of which took place in the spring of 1885 seven weeks before his death. In 1841 Hugo was elected to the French Academy and in 1849 became a member of the National Assembly and joined the Democratic Republicans. The left wing Republicans grew tired of hearing about his anti-Napoleon III literature, which he had produced in 1848 as he was an outspoken political opponent of Napoleon III. In 1851 after the coup, he fled into exile in Brussels. In 1852 he moved to the Channel Islands where he wrote several major works of poetry and "Les Miserable" which through his keen commercial sense and ad campaign became a best seller from St. Petersburg, Russia, across Europe and to the United States. Thousands of copies of "Les Miserable" sold in Paris shops within hours and there were 21 illegal editions in circulation. Hugo returned to Paris in 1870 after the fall of the Empire and was made a senator in 1876. He persistently campaigned against the death penalty, only one of his many causes. During much of his long life he wrote 100 lines of verse or 20 pages of prose each day. On his 80th birthday huge crowds gathered at his home and cheered. In his 81st year the street of his residence was renamed Avenue Victor Hugo and remains so today. He was one of the most famous men in the world at that time and was a millionaire when he died.

Hugo married his childhood sweetheart, Adele Foucher, in 1822 and fathered four children. His daughter Adele went insane after being abandoned by a lover and daughter Leopoldine was drowned while boating on the Seine. His wife died in 1868 and Juliette Drouet moved into his home. She remained with him until she died in his arms on 5/11/1883. Hugo never recovered from the loss seeming to be indifferent to life around him.

On 5/14/1885 Hugo was taken ill, a man whom some thought had outlived his time. Royalists and Bonapartist deputies regarded him as their established enemy and the Catholics considered him not of their church as he refused their prayers, but he was adored by the people. Crowds of people gathered outside his house daily for reports of his health and to see the famous individuals that went in to see him. His last words written, "To love is to act" were committed to paper on May 19. His grandchildren were brought to him, he kissed them and lapsed into a coma. He died on 5/22/1885 at 1:27 PM of general disability of old age and pneumonia. The night before his funeral his sarcophagus was placed under the Arc de Triomphe veiled in black crepe. The next day his body was placed on the hearse of the poor and carried through the streets. Crowds were so vast 10,000 police were needed to hold them back. Even people from the countryside came to mourn, brothels were closed and drunken bodies littered the Champs-Elysees. The Pantheon, resting place for National Heroes, was withdrawn from church control so that Hugo could be laid to rest there. He was laid to rest beside Rousseau.

Link to Wikipedia biography

Relationships

Events

  • Social : Begin Travel 1811 (Visited father in Spain)
  • Work : End Major Project 1821 (Magazine failed)
  • Relationship : Marriage 1822 (Only marriage, Adele Foucher)
  • Work : Published/ Exhibited/ Released 1831 (Book, "The Hunchback of Notre Dame")
  • Work : Published/ Exhibited/ Released 1832 (Book, "The King's Diversion")
  • Work : Published/ Exhibited/ Released 1833 (Play, "Lucrezia Borgia")
  • Relationship : Begin significant relationship 1833 (Mistress, Juliette Drouet)
  • Social : Joined group 1841 (Elected to French Academy)
  • Work : New Job 1849 (Member, National Assembly)
  • Family : Change residence 1851 (Fled, in exile, to Brussels, Belgium)
  • Family : Change residence 1852 (Moved to Channel Islands)
  • Work : Published/ Exhibited/ Released 1862 (Book, "Les Miserables")
  • Death of Mate 1868 (Adele Foucher)
  • Family : Change residence 1870 (Returned to Paris, France)
  • Work : New Job 1876 (Made Senator)
  • Death of Significant person 11 May 1883 (Mistress, Juliette Drouet)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Other Relationship April 1885 (Final sexual encounter)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Death by Disease 22 May 1885 at 01:27 AM in Paris, France (Pneumonia and old age, age 83)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.

Source Notes

Gauquelin Vol. 6/423

Sy Scholfield downloaded a copy of the BC from Wikimedia Commons: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Maison_natale_Victor_Hugo_034.JPG

Categories

  • Traits : Mind : Exceptional mind (Eclectic genius)
  • Traits : Personality : Hard worker (Hard working)
  • Traits : Personality : Idealist (Humanitarian)
  • Traits : Personality : Loved by all (Adored by the people)
  • Diagnoses : Major Diseases : Pneumonia (Fatal)
  • Family : Childhood : Family large (Five)
  • Family : Childhood : Parent, Single or Step (Dad visit occasionally)
  • Family : Relationship : Marriage more than 15 Yrs (46 years)
  • Family : Relationship : Number of Marriages (One)
  • Family : Relationship : Stress - Extramarital affairs (Mistress while married)
  • Family : Relationship : Widowed (By one and only wife)
  • Family : Parenting : Kids more than 3 (Four)
  • Family : Parenting : Kids -Traumatic event (One daughter insane, one daughter drowned)
  • Lifestyle : Work : Work alone/ Singular role
  • Lifestyle : Financial : Gain - Financial success in field (Millionaire at death)
  • Lifestyle : Financial : Loss - Financial crisis (Period of extreme poverty)
  • Lifestyle : Social Life : Groups (French Academy)
  • Lifestyle : Home : Many moves
  • Passions : Sexuality : Extremes in quantity
  • Personal : Death : Long life more than 80 yrs (Age 83)
  • Vocation : Art : Fine art artist (Gifted painter)
  • Vocation : Building Trades : Architect/ Planner
  • Vocation : Politics : Activist/ political
  • Vocation : Politics : Government employee (Salary paid by Louis XVIII)
  • Vocation : Politics : Public office (Member of French Assembly, Senator)
  • Vocation : Writers : Critic
  • Vocation : Writers : Fiction (Part of Romantic movement)
  • Vocation : Writers : Magazine/ newsletter (Helped found magazine, failed)
  • Vocation : Writers : Playwright/ script
  • Vocation : Writers : Poet
  • Notable : Awards : Vocational award (Poetry prizes, various)
  • Notable : Famous : Top 5% of Profession
  • Notable : Book Collection : American Book

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