|born on||31 March 1635 Jul.Cal. (10 Apr 1635 greg.) at 13:00 (= 1:00 PM )|
|Place||Ellon, Scotland, 57n22, 2w05|
|Timezone||LMT m2w05 (is local mean time)|
|Astrology data||20°22' 21°10 Asc. 23°32'|
Scottish nobleman, later a general and rear admiral in Russia.
He enlisted at Hamburg in the military service of Sweden in 1655. In the course of the next five years he served alternately for Poland and Sweden and was taken prisoner by both. In 1661, after experience as a soldier of fortune, he took up service in the Russian army under Tsar Aleksei I. He was made major-general in 1678, was appointed to the high command at Kiev in 1679, and in 1683 was made lieutenant-general. The Tsar employed him in organizing his army according to the West European system; and raised him to the rank of full general. When he died on 29 November 1699 in Moscow, the Tsar was with him, and with his own hands closed his eyes.
Sy Scholfield quotes the biography published with his diaries: "Tagebuch des Generalen Patrick Gordon, während seiner Kriegsdienste unter den Schweden und Polen vom Jahre 1655 bis 1661, und seines Aufenthaltes in Russland vom Jahre 1661 bis 1699" by Patrick Gordon (Gedruckt in der Universitäts-buchdruckerei, 1849), p. 3: "Patrick Gordon wurde den 31ten Marz 1635, am Ofierdienfiage, um 1 Uhr nach Mittage, zu Caftet Achluichries in Crocbdan Kirlhfpiel in Aberdeenshire in Schottland geboren." [translation: Patrick Gordon was born on 31 March 1635 at one in the afternoon in Auchleuchries in Aberdeenshire, Scotland].
- Vocation : Military : Military career (General)
- Notable : Famous : Royal family (House of Gordon)