Franklin, Aretha

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Name
Franklin, Aretha Gender: F
Aretha Louise Franklin
born on 25 March 1942 at 22:30 (= 10:30 PM )
Place Memphis, Tennessee, 35n09, 90w03
Timezone CWT h5w (is war time)
Data source
BC/BR in hand
Rodden Rating AA
Collector: Steinbrecher
Astrology data s_su.18.gif s_aricol.18.gif 04°51' s_mo.18.gif s_cancol.18.gif 17°29 Asc.s_scocol.18.gif 15°47'



Aretha Franklin

Biography

American singer of gospel, soul and rhythm and blues music. By 1994, "The Queen of Soul" held two world records: winning more Grammy's (15) than any other female performer in any category and topping the charts with 17 top-ten singles. After 58 albums and countless sold out performances, Franklin heartily embraces her success, but has never forgotten her roots.

Music was an integral part of her life since birth. Her mother Barbara was a pianist and choir mistress and her father, C.L Franklin, was one of the country's most powerful black ministers, operating a branch of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference known as the New Bethel Baptist Church. Growing up in Detroit, Michigan, Aretha was the favored daughter of the Franklin's four children; her whose musical ability showed early in her father's church and whose charismatic talents exactly mirrored those of her parents. Standing on a chair behind the podium in church, the small child astonished parishioners in her first public performance with her four-octave version of the gospel classic "Jesus Be a Fence." Her warm and nurturing early environment came to an abrupt halt in 1948 when Barbara permanently left her family due to her husband's frequent philandering. Franklin's grandmother, "Big Mama," kept the family together, including a step-brother from her mother's first marriage. Mother Barbara Franklin's death in 1952 opened more wounds for the family, some of which never healed, as Aretha has never spoken of her mother's death in public. Friends later recalled, "I think that was the worst that could happen to hear, not to know her mother."

By age 14, it was clear that Aretha was her father's favorite as she toured throughout the South with him as the featured member of The New Bethel choir. She made her first gospel recording at this age followed by her first hit at age 15. Her success brought personal setbacks. During the next three years, Franklin would give birth to two sons by two different men whom she did not marry, first becoming an unwed mother at 14. To this day, she has never identified their fathers. In a confessional society, Franklin believes in the dignity of silence. "Trying to grow up is hurting, you know. You make mistakes. You try to learn from them and when you don't it hurts even more. And I've been hurt - hurt bad." As a testament to her independence of spirit, Franklin has never played the role of the wounded woman, even in song. "She would never do a song of self-pity...the scorned woman, the hurt woman, that was absolutely out." Bumped off the "Ed Sullivan Show" in the late fifties for showing too much cleavage, Franklin was later given the reason there were too many artists appearing that evening and she was cut. She ran out in tears.

In 1961 Franklin married Ted White, put him in charge of her career and subsequently had a third son with him. White was not popular with Franklin's family, especially her Revered father and the alleged rumors of White's abusive treatment toward his wife manifested into public spectacles. They divorced in 1969. Whether or not Franklin suffered in her private life, her public life was a smashing success. In 1963 she brought down the house at a Chicago concert that honored the local heroes of Birmingham, Alabama during the civil rights movement. After family friend Martin Luther King spoke, Mahalia Jackson and Dinah Washington held the audience until two o'clock in the morning, when 19 year old Franklin walked on stage. Four years prior to national stardom, her performance was riveting. "She gave the whites in her audience a glimpse of the future. She wrung them all inside out with the Thomas Dorsey classic "Precious Lord, Take My Hand" and by the time she finished, few doubted that for one night they had held the most favored spot on earth."

Her father had turned down a contract offered by Berry Gordy of Motown Records, telling his daughter she would one day sing for kings and queens. Franklin's eventual decision to broaden her musical perspectives beyond gospel was controversial among her peers, yet she harbored no regrets. New York sessions singing jazz and rhythm and blues brought the desired results, Franklin signed with Columbia records in 1960.

In 1967 "I Never Loved a Man" made Franklin a superstar, but the following year "Respect" earned her the first two of her Grammy Awards.

In 1978 Franklin married actor Glynn Thurman in her father's church. The grapevine concurred that she had finally found the perfect man and a brief period of domestic bliss followed until tragedy struck in 1979. Reverend C. L Franklin was shot in his home by two burglars. He survived the incident, but slipped into a semi-coma for five years, passing away in 1984. Franklin moved back to Detroit in 1982 to maintain a close vigil. "The best thing that happened to Aretha was that ....they kept him alive, because if he had died right then...there would have been no more Aretha."

Her long awaited autobiography is still in progress and, when asked who she would pick to play her life on film, she favors Natalie Cole, the Queen of Soul's heiress apparent.

Franklin's two marriages ended in divorce. In the late '90s, she made her home in Bloomfield Hills, Michigan, modestly enjoying her fame at its current level, doing her own shopping, laundry and gardening. She describes her music as "me with my hand outstretched, hoping someone will take it." In 1999, she published her autobiography, "Aretha, From Those Roots," written with David Ritz.

On 10/25/2002, Aretha lost a $1.4 million house in Detroit to a devastating fire just weeks after the death of her sister Erma. It was not occupied but used for storage. Since 1988, more than 30 lawsuits have been filed against her by creditors totaling more than $1 million. In many cases, she paid bills only after being sued and the Detroit house was a large part of her estate.

Aretha Franklin was admitted to a Detroit hospital on March 20, 2004 for treatment of a low platelet count. The disorder was apparently caused by a virus or an allergic reaction to antibiotics and was not related to her hypertension, doctors said. The singer was released on March 24, 2004. In November 2010 she canceled all forthcoming concerts. In the first week of December, she underwent an unspecified surgery and on the 8th of that month it was reported that she was suffering from pancreatic cancer. Franklin denied that she was suffering from the disease; a significant weight loss then gave rise to reports that she had undergone gastric bypass surgery. Again she denied them.

Link to Wikipedia biography

Relationships

Events

  • Family trauma 1948 (Mom abruptly left family)
  • Death of Mother 1952 (Age ten when mom died)
  • Work : Begin Major Project 1957 (Started touring with her father)
  • Work : Contracts, agreements 1960 (Signed contract with Columbia House)
  • Relationship : Marriage 1961 (Ted White)
  • Work : Published/ Exhibited/ Released 1963 (Noted Chicago performance)
  • Work : Published/ Exhibited/ Released 1967 (Hit single " I Never Loved a Man")
  • Relationship : Divorce dates 1969 (From Ted)
  • Relationship : Marriage 1978 (Second marriage Glynn Thurman)
  • Family trauma 1979 (Dad shot during home robbery)
  • Family : Change residence 1982 (Moved to Detroit to be closer to dad)
  • Death of Father 1984
  • Work : Published/ Exhibited/ Released 1999 (Autobiography "Aretha")
  • Misc. : Trauma from Nature 25 October 2002 (House burned down)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Health : Acute illness 20 March 2004 (hospitalized for low platelets apparently caused by allergic reaction)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Social : Deinstitutionalized - prison, hospital 24 March 2004 (discharged from hospital)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Health : Medical procedure December 2010 (Unspecified surgery)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.

Source Notes

B.C. in hand from Steinbrecher

Categories

  • Traits : Body : Weight (Gained weight with age)
  • Diagnoses : Psychological : Abuse Alcohol (Rehab)
  • Diagnoses : Psychological : Phobias (Fear of flying)
  • Family : Childhood : Advantaged (Favored child)
  • Family : Childhood : Sibling circumstances (Three)
  • Family : Relationship : Number of Divorces (Two)
  • Family : Relationship : Number of Marriages (Two)
  • Family : Relationship : Stress - Chronic misery (Marriage problems to resolve)
  • Family : Relationship : Stress - Domestic violence (Rumors of physical abuse, first husband)
  • Family : Parenting : Kids 1-3 (Three sons, unwed mom at age 14)
  • Vocation : Entertainment : Actor/ Actress
  • Vocation : Entertain/Music : Vocalist/ Pop, Rock, etc. (Gospel, soul, jazz and rock)
  • Notable : Awards : Grammy (Fifteen)
  • Notable : Awards : Hall of Fame (Rock'n'Roll)
  • Notable : Famous : Top 5% of Profession
  • Notable : Book Collection : Culture Collection

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