Emerson, Ralph Waldo
|born on||25 May 1803 at 15:15 (= 3:15 PM )|
|Place||Boston MA, USA, 42n21, 71w03|
|Timezone||LMT m71w03 (is local mean time)|
|Astrology data||03°35' 04°45 Asc. 16°32'|
American writer, essayist, poet and leading figure in American literature during the mid-19th century, whose first work "Nature" was published in Boston in 1836. He left hundreds of private journals, raw material of his lectures, essays, poems, six volumes of letters and "The Works of Emerson," a compendium of essays and speeches which was published in 1903. He was a Unitarian minister from 1826-1832, deeply spiritual yet independent .
Emerson had a difficult early life. His father died when he was eight years old, leaving young Waldo with his mother and siblings to the generosity of their church and a boardinghouse income. His sister, Mary Caroline, died in 1814, and one of his brothers, Robert, was mentally incompetent, requiring institutional care. The family lived in a poor section of Boston, where Emerson went to school often without a coat in winter. But nonetheless he received a solid classical education and entered Harvard in 1817 on scholarship at the age of 14. He received his degree in 1821.
He followed his father's example and prepared for the ministry, being ordained in 1826. After the death of his first wife in 1831, Emerson resigned his ministry post, and sailed for Europe on 12/25/1832.
In Europe, he met Coleridge, Wordsworth and Thomas Carlyle and began work on his first book, "Nature." He then returned to America to settle permanently in Concord. He began a career as a lecturer in 1833 with a series entitled "The Uses of Natural History." The mid-19th century found Emerson lecturing, publishing and becoming a major force in American letters. He began lecturing in 1833 and continued until 1872.
Emerson's first marriage was in 1829 to the frail Ellen Tucker, who died of tuberculosis in 1831. After his return from Europe, he settled in Concord and married Lydia Jackson. They had four children. His first child, Waldo Jr., died of scarlet fever at age five on January 27, 1842. He had three more children, Ellen, Edith and Edward.
Emerson's health was not good. He needed a series of eye operations beginning in 1825. He also suffered from consumption. He died of pneumonia on 4/27/1882, 8:50 PM in Concord, MA.
He was elected to the Hall of Fame for Great Americans in 1900.
- associate relationship with Whitman, Walt (born 31 May 1819)
- neighbor relationship with French, Daniel Chester (born 20 April 1850)
- Death of Sibling 1814 (Sister Mary died)
- Social : Begin a program of study 1817 (Entered Harvard on scholorship, age 14)
- Social : End a program of study 1821 (Graduated Harvard)
- Health : Medical procedure 1825 (First of series of eye operations)
- Work : New Career 1826 (Unitarian minister for seven years)
- Death of Mate 1831 (Wife died of TB)
- Work : Retired 1832 (Resigned from the church)
- Work : New Career 1833 (Began his lecturing career, 39 years)
- Work : Published/ Exhibited/ Released 1836 (First book, "Nature")
- Death of Child 27 January 1842 at 8:15 PM (first son Waldo of scarlet fever)
chart Placidus Equal_H.
- Work : Retired 1872 (Retired from lecturing)
- Death by Disease 27 April 1882 at 08:50 AM in Concord, MA (Pneumonia, age 78)
chart Placidus Equal_H.
- Work : Prize 1900 (Hall of Fame for Great Americans)
LMR quotes biographer R.L. Rusk "Life of Emerson" (1949, p.1) "Recorded in his father's diary."
(Coburn in MA quotes Richard Garnett for the statement that "Life of Emerson" relates that his dad was having dinner with the Governor when his son was born, time rectified to 1:01 PM. Church of Light quotes Kraum for the same statement, rectified to 1:16 PM. LMR could not locate any other "Life of Emerson" than the one by Rusk and concludes that the other quote was a case of misinformation.)
Biography: Richard Geldard, "The Esoteric Emerson: the Spiritual Teachings of Ralph Waldo Emerson."
- Traits : Mind : Exceptional mind (Harvard at 14, outstanding thinker)
- Traits : Personality : Unique
- Family : Childhood : Disadvantaged (Very poor)
- Family : Childhood : Family traumatic event (Dad died, sister died one year apart)
- Family : Childhood : Sibling circumstances (Brother handicapped, institutionalized)
- Family : Relationship : Number of Marriages (Two)
- Family : Relationship : Widowed (First wife died of TB)
- Family : Parenting : Kids more than 3 (Two boys and two girls)
- Family : Parenting : Kids -Traumatic event (Son died of scarlet fever)
- Personal : Religion/Spirituality : Rejection/ Leave church (Left the church after seven years ministry)
- Vocation : Education : Public speaker (Lecturer)
- Vocation : Religion : Ecclesiastics/ western (Unitarian minister)
- Vocation : Writers : Religion/ Philosophy (Religion, philosophy, ethics, nature)
- Vocation : Writers : Poet
- Vocation : Writers : Textbook/ Non-fiction
- Notable : Extraordinary Talents : For Verbal skills
- Notable : Awards : Hall of Fame (For Great Americans)
- Notable : Famous : Historic figure (Famed literary figure)
- Notable : Famous : Top 5% of Profession
- Notable : Book Collection : Occult/ Misc. Collection