|Birthname||Hilaire-Germain-Edgar De Gas|
|born on||19 July 1834 at 20:30 (= 8:30 PM )|
|Place||Paris, France, 48n52, 2e20|
|Timezone||LMT m2e20 (is local mean time)|
|Astrology data||26°35' 15°01 Asc. 11°04'|
French artist, a painter and pastelist, sculptor and photographer. He was considered one of the greatest male French draftsman of the 19th century.
His father was the Italian banker, Auguste De Gas, the head of the family's Paris bank branch that had its headquarters in Naples, Italy. Edgar's dad was a cultured man with a love for art and music and he was raised in a Parisian bourgeois household with two brothers. He was given a classical education and studied law. Adept at drawing, he soon put law aside to become an artist. He studied at the Ecole des Beaux Arts under the great French neo-classical painter, Ingres. He practiced in the technical style of academic art and spent many years copying the art works in the Louvre and the Bibliotheque Nationale. In Rome, he copied the Renaissance masters to further his education in the technique of the Old Masters style. He painted self-portraits and members of his family.
In 1858, his early masterpiece was the group portrait, "The Bellelli Family." It was a painting of his pregnant Aunt Laura Bellelli, her husband and two daughters.
Changing his name from De Gas to Degas and living in Paris, he was supported by his wealthy family income and able to develop his personal style. He met other artists such as Manet, Monet, and Fantin-Latour at the Cafe Guerbois where they discussed art, art techniques, and the role of art in society. He did not need to sell his paintings and he did not care for the commercial side of exhibiting his artwork. He despised journalists and literary types who probed his personal life and claimed to explain his works.
During the Franco-Prussian war in 1870, Degas volunteered in the unsuccessful defense of Paris. In 1872, he left for New Orleans, Louisiana to visit his brothers who ran a cotton business. He returned and by 1874 helped to organize the exhibition of his fellow artists who were refused entry in the annual French Salon exhibition.
The French audience were not accustomed to the new works by the artists who were later called "Impressionists." Artists of the day preferred to paint outdoors in nature with the dictates of light at the moment. Degas' composition style was no longer in the academic technique. He was developing a modern contemporary format that the other artists liked and admired. The public began to respond favorably to the modern works. Degas specialized in painting the world of the horse races, ballet and cabaret evenings and brothels. He painted a series of works on the female figure in her private bath experimenting with composition, texture and color. In 1890, Degas experimented with photography, taking portrait pictures of his friends Renoir and Stephane Mallarme. In 1886, he broke from the Impressionists painters, continuing his own private exploration in art. He also practiced printmaking, lithography, engraving, etching and aquatint. He would eventually set aside oil for the use of pastels and experiment with watercolor, pencil, gouache, and oil with pastel. He collected the paintings of El Greco, Tiepolo, Ingres, Delacroix, Manet, Gauguin, Cézanne, Whistler and van Gogh. His own works sold for the highest price ever achieved up to that time by a living artist- $95,700. He had originally sold the painting for $100.
Degas was a private, driven, methodical bachelor. He gave his life to his art career and preferred the independence of working and living alone in his studio. He never wanted to have such distractions as married life from his pursuit of perfecting his works. Always shy and aloof, Degas was known as a difficult person in friendships. He despaired of his talents and abilities, working motifs and themes over and over again. He was a cantankerous person to his friends. The American painter and collector, Mary Cassatt, was a life-long friend. To his nieces, nephews and select close friends he was amiable and charming but with a cutting sharp wit. Hisvoyeurism held an undercurrent of cruelty.
In his 40's Degas' brother sent the family into debt from cotton speculation. Edgar and his brother paid the debt to save the family's reputation. Against his principles, Edgar sold his art works, lived in cheaper accommodations, and employed cheap models to help his family to solvency. He was angry with the Dreyfus Affair in France and after the trial Degas became maliciously anti-Semitic, breaking his camaraderie with his Jewish friends. He did not like politicians, architects and the progressive thinkers and inventors of his time.
Degas' eyesight was steadily worsening with age. He shunned painting outdoors for the sunlight was too harsh and painful to his eyes. He believed that his bad eyesight developed during his exposure to the cold during his service in the Franco-Prussian war. As one eye went blind, he became a virtual recluse in his Paris studio working with clay and shaping it into the female form or the galloping action of a horse. Degas outlived his fellow artists Manet, Cézanne, Gauguin and Pisarro and witnessed the Cubist art of Picasso and Juan Gris. He died on 9/27/1917 in Paris. His brother destroyed some of Degas' brothel drawings and the art collection sold in a series of auctions. In 1955, the original waxes of Degas' works were discovered in the cellar of the foundry operator's house. On 10/11/1988 an exhibition opened at the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York with the largest display of nearly 300 works of the artist from private and public collections.
Degas once observed, "Art is not a matter of what you can see, but what you can make other people see."
- associate relationship with Renoir, Pierre-Auguste (born 25 February 1841)
- friend relationship with Cassatt, Mary (born 22 May 1844)
- friend relationship with Forain, Jean-Louis (born 23 October 1852)
- Work : Published/ Exhibited/ Released 1858 (Early masterpiece of family portrait)
- Social : Joined group 1870 (Fought in Franco-Prussian war)
- Family : Change residence 1872 (Moved to New Orleans to be close to brother)
- Social : Left group 1886 (Broke from Impressionists)
- Work : New Job 1890 (Began experimenting with photography)
- Death, Cause unspecified 27 September 1917 (Age 83)
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- Work : Gain social status 11 October 1988 (Posthumous exhibition of work at the Met. Museum of Art)
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- Traits : Personality : Difficult/ mean spirited (Difficult in friendships)
- Family : Childhood : Advantaged (Affluent family, enough income to not have to work)
- Family : Childhood : Sibling circumstances (Two brothers)
- Family : Relationship : Married late/never (Never)
- Family : Parenting : Kids none
- Lifestyle : Financial : Loss - Financial crisis (Baled brother out of bad cotten investment)
- Personal : Death : Long life more than 80 yrs (Age 83)
- Vocation : Art : Fine art artist (Painter, pastelist, sculptor)
- Vocation : Art : Photography
- Vocation : Military : Combat (Franco-Prussian war)
- Notable : Famous : Top 5% of Profession
- Notable : Book Collection : American Book