Cousteau, Jacques

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Name
Cousteau, Jacques Gender: M
Jacques-Yves Cousteau
born on 11 June 1910 at 13:06 (= 1:06 PM )
Place St.Andre De Cubzac, France, 44n59, 0w27
Timezone LST m2e20 (is standard time)
Data source
Quoted BC/BR
Rodden Rating AA
Collector: Gauquelin
Astrology data s_su.18.gif s_gemcol.18.gif 19°42' s_mo.18.gif s_leocol.18.gif 12°32 Asc.s_libcol.18.gif 02°03'



Jacques Cousteau

Biography

French oceanographer, inventor, film-maker and author. He is the most celebrated undersea explorer in history and was the first to take color photographs of the world beneath the sea. Cousteau has won ten Emmy Awards including one for "The Undersea World of Jacques Cousteau" which was cancelled after eight years by ABC in 1976 due to sagging ratings. In May 1985, President Reagan awarded Cousteau the Medal of Freedom during a White House ceremony. In six decades, Cousteau authored 66 books and inspired some 90 movie and TV productions.

Cousteau was raised by an upper middle class family, the son of an international lawyer. He described his mother as 'a saint.' As a child he wanted to be a sailor, film maker and doctor. Around the age of ten, he was diagnosed with chronic enteritis (an intestinal inflammation) as well as anemia. The only exercise he could tolerate that was permitted was swimming. This began his life long romance with the sea.

He entered the French Naval Academy in 1930, and in 1936, shot his first underwater film. During the war he served as a gunnery officer, and as his country capitulated to the Nazis, he took photographs of enemy installations for the Resistance. In 1945, he was awarded the French Legion of Honor for his Resistance involvement. In 1956 he resigned his naval commission to devote full time to his research. His 141 foot research vessel, the Calypso became his headquarters.

In 1943, he invented the Aqualung with a colleague, a device enabling humans to move about freely under water for long periods of time. In 1952, he wrote the documentary "Silent World" and the resulting movie won him his first of three Academy Awards, 1956, as well as earning the grand prize at the Cannes Film Festival. He won his battle in 1960 against the French government to stop them from dumping radioactive wastes in the Mediterranean Sea. In 1962, he wrote "The Living Sea" and in 1965, "World Without Sun." The Cousteau Society in the USA was founded in 1973 and he was awarded the United Nations Environment Prize in 1977.

In 1937, he married Simone Melchior, a member of the prominent French Naval family. Together they had two sons; Jean-Michel and Philippe. He was widowed 1990 and in 1992, he married his mistress, Francine Tripet, a former flight attendant. They had two children while he was still married to his first wife. Tripet ran the Cousteau Society's daily affairs.

On 6/28/1979, Philippe, his youngest son by his first marriage, died in a plane crash on the Flying Calypso during a test flight over Lisbon. Philippe began diving with his father at the age of four and became his closest friend. After the tragedy, his brother Jean-Michel abandoned his architectural practice and joined forces with his father as his right hand man and vice president of the Cousteau Society.

Cousteau was not only a marine researcher but an ocean ecologist, environmentalist, humanitarian, self-taught scientist, anti-nuclear activist and visionary - but not a dreamer, a doer. Upon being called a 'legend' during an interview, he replied, "Bull!"

He died on 6/24/1997 in Paris from a respiratory infection and heart trouble.

Link to Wikipedia biography

Relationships

  • business associate/partner relationship with Rougerie, Jacques (born 11 July 1945). Notes: Rougerie designed 'Aquaspace'

Events

  • Social : Joined group 1930 (French Naval Academy)
  • Work : New Job 1936 (First underwater film released)
  • Relationship : Marriage 1937 (First marriage Simone Melchior, 53 years)
  • Work : Published/ Exhibited/ Released 1943 (Invented the Aqualung)
  • Work : Prize 1945 (French Legion of Honor)
  • Work : Prize 1952 (Academy Award for "Silent World")
  • Work : End Major Project 1976 (TV series cancelled)
  • Work : Prize 1977 (U.N Environmental Prize)
  • Death of Child 28 June 1979 (Son Philippe died in accident)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Work : Prize May 1985 (Medal of Freedom award from Pres. Reagan)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Death of Mate 1990 (Simone died)
  • Relationship : Marriage 1992 (Second marriage to his mistress Francine Tripet)
  • Death by Disease 24 June 1997 (Resp. infection and heart trouble, age 87 (+13 days))
    chart Placidus Equal_H.

Source Notes

Gauquelin Vol. 3/444 (1:15 PM Paris time)

Categories

  • Diagnoses : Body Part Problems : Gastrointestinal (Chronic enteritis while young)
  • Diagnoses : Body Part Problems : Accident/Injury (Auto, injured his arm)
  • Family : Relationship : Marriage more than 15 Yrs (One long term marriage, 53 years)
  • Family : Relationship : Widowed (First wife died in 1990)
  • Family : Parenting : Kids more than 3 (Two sons by marriage, two sons by mistress later married)
  • Family : Parenting : Kids -Traumatic event (Lost son in accident)
  • Lifestyle : Work : Travel for work
  • Lifestyle : Financial : Gain - Financial success in field
  • Lifestyle : Home : Many moves
  • Vocation : Entertainment : TV series/ Soap star ("The Undersea World of Jacques Cousteau")
  • Vocation : Entertain/Business : Director (Documentaries)
  • Vocation : Military : Military service (French Naval Academy, French Legion of Honor)
  • Vocation : Science : Other Science (Oceanography)
  • Vocation : Travel : Adventurer (Undersea oceanographer, explorer)
  • Vocation : Writers : Textbook/ Non-fiction (66 books)
  • Notable : Awards : Emmy (Ten awards)
  • Notable : Awards : Medals (Medal of Freedom)
  • Notable : Awards : Vocational award (U.N. Environmental Prize)
  • Notable : Famous : Historic figure (Oceanographer)
  • Notable : Famous : Top 5% of Profession
  • Notable : Book Collection : American Book

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