Cole, Nat "King"
|Birthname||Nathaniel Adams Cole|
|born on||17 March 1919 at 03:00 (= 03:00 AM )|
|Place||Montgomery, Alabama, 32n22, 86w18|
|Timezone||CST h6w (is standard time)|
|Astrology data||25°43' 03°49 Asc. 26°36'|
American musician, band leader, and popular entertainer of the 1940s and 1950s.
He was the youngest son of Rev. Edward Coles and Perlina (Adams) Coles in Montgomery, Alabama. At the age of four, Cole demonstrated his natural gift for the piano. At five, his family moved to Chicago so his father could be the pastor of the True Light Baptist Church. He grew up in a musical family and his mother directing the church choir. At the age of 12, Cole played the organ in church and took piano lessons at home playing Bach to Rachmaninoff. While he went to Phillips High School in Chicago, he organized a jazz band earning $1.50 a night.
The jazz music of Chicago was a major influence on his musical life and the piano jazz of Earl Hines inspired Cole to develop his own piano style. In 1934, he was a band leader of "The Royal Dukes" with the participation of his three musician brothers. He was first recorded as vocalist and pianist in a band lead by his brother Eddie in 1936. After touring in a review, Cole was left stranded in Los Angeles. In 1937, he took various piano jobs in small clubs than organized his own trio, "The King Cole Trio."
The cool jazz sounds of the "King Cole Trio" was establishing their hot reputations among jazz enthusiasts around Los Angeles. The trio toured the country and in 1943 they were signed with Capitol Records to a recording contract. The song, "Straighten Up and Fly Right," became a national hit in 1944 and soon Cole followed that song with hit after hit of standards. He scored a big hit with Christmas favorite "The Christmas Song," in 1946. His fame was not limited to the United States. He performed on the international stage and with all-star jazz groups in the '40s. By the 1950s, Cole dropped the piano and focused on his vocalist talents. In 1956, he had his own TV variety show where many of his music friends appeared such as Frank Sinatra, Peggy Lee and Pearl Bailey. At this time, he signed a three-year contract with the Sands in Las Vegas for three weeks work at $500,000. In 1964, he performed for President Lyndon Johnson at the White House.
He married dancer Nadine Robinson in 1937 and divorced in 1946. In 1948, he met and married singer Marie Ellington, a member of the Duke Ellington (no relation) band. Their daughter Natalie Marie was born in 1949 and they also adopted Marie's niece Carol to raise. They had one son, Kelly and then twin girls, Casey and Timolin. In 1948, Cole purchased a mansion in wealthy Hancock Park in Los Angeles. Neighbors in the exclusive area protested the sale of the house to a Negro. Cole refused to be intimidated by his neighbors and soon the furor died down.
Cole was an avid Los Angeles Dodgers fan and golf enthusiast. He loved to drive his daughter Natalie around in his XKE Jaguar sports car. A gentle, mild mannered and sometimes melancholy man, he loved to sing with his butter-smooth voice. He had brown eyes, black hair and stood 6 ft tall.
He was concerned with the issue of equality in the civil rights movement and became a member of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. On 4/11/1956, Cole was attacked by six men while performing in Birmingham, Alabama. He sustained a slight back injury and the four of his attackers received sentences and fines. He sued many hotel chains in order to be allowed to stay in their suites where he was the evening headline act.
Cole suffered from stomach ulcers and in 1953 during a concert at New York's Carnegie Hall he collapsed. After his performance at the White House in 1964, Cole was diagnosed with lung cancer. A chain-smoker his whole life Cole's last engagement was in 1964. He died at dawn from lung cancer on 2/15/1965 in Santa Monica, CA.
- parent->child relationship with Cole, Natalie (born 6 February 1950)
- Work : New Career 1934 (Debut with brothers)
- Social : Joined group 1937 (Started his own trio band)
- Work : Gain social status 1944 (Achieved international fame)
- Death by Disease 15 February 1965 at 05:30 AM in Santa Monica (lung cancer, age 45)
chart Placidus Equal_H.
B.C. in hand from the Wilsons, obtained by Buell Huggins. (The B.C. is hard to read, may be 9:00 AM but looks more like the 3:00 that is written for his dad's age, 39.)
- Traits : Personality : Gracious/ sociable
- Diagnoses : Major Diseases : Cancer (Terminal)
- Diagnoses : Body Part Problems : Gastrointestinal
- Family : Childhood : Sibling circumstances (Sang with three brothers)
- Family : Relationship : Marriage more than 15 Yrs (Second marriage 16 years)
- Family : Relationship : Number of Marriages (Two)
- Family : Parenting : Foster, Step, or Adopted Kids (Adopted daughter)
- Family : Parenting : Kids 1-3 (Five kids, one adopted)
- Family : Parenting : Kids - Noted (Daughter Natalie Cole)
- Lifestyle : Work : Travel for work (Tours)
- Lifestyle : Financial : Gain - Financial success in field
- Lifestyle : Social Life : Sports (Baseball fan, played golf)
- Lifestyle : Home : Neighborhood (Upper class urbane)
- Personal : Misc. : Changed name (Coles to Cole)
- Vocation : Entertain/Music : Group/ Duo (Nat King Cole Trio)
- Vocation : Entertain/Music : Instrumentalist (Piano)
- Vocation : Entertain/Music : Vocalist/ Pop, Rock, etc.
- Notable : Extraordinary Talents : For Music (Musician, singer)
- Notable : Famous : Top 5% of Profession
- Notable : Book Collection : Culture Collection