Cleveringa, Rudolph

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Name
Cleveringa, Rudolph Gender: M
Rudolph Pabus Cleveringa
born on 2 April 1894 at 20:30 (= 8:30 PM )
Place Appingedam, Netherlands, 53n18, 6e52
Timezone LST m4e53 (is standard time)
Data source
BC/BR in hand
Rodden Rating AA
Collector: Astrodienst
Astrology data s_su.18.gif s_aricol.18.gif 13°04' s_mo.18.gif s_piscol.18.gif 02°57 Asc.s_scocol.18.gif 04°43'



Rudolph Cleveringa
photo: Vysotsky, license cc-by-sa-3.0

Biography

Dutch jurist and professor in Leiden, remembered for the most influential Dutch speech of the 20th century.

His father was the lawyer Jacobus Pieters Cleveringa (17 july 1863, Appingedam - 17 January 1932, Amsterdam). His mother, Lutgerdina Catharina Lucretia Schleurholts ( 18 August 1867, Bedum - 2 April 1942, Haarlem), was the daughter of the physician and mayor of Bedem, Hieronymus Ulferts Schleurholts (7 February 1834, Bedum - 10 June 1913, Bedum). He had a younger sister Afina Cecilia (17 March 1898, Appingedam - 17 August 1925, Heemstede), who died at young age.

He spent most of his youth in Heerenveen, where his father became a judge. Here he met his youth friend Eelco van Kleffens (7 November 1894, Heerenveen - 1983), who became the WW2 minister of foreign affairs and a cold war UN president from 54/55. Both men studied Law in Leiden and dissertated on the same day.

Cleveringa studied Law from 16 September 1913 till 27 June 1917 (final exams) and dissertated on 16 January 1919 cum laude with "De zakelijke werking der ontbindende voorwaarde" (The in rem effect of the escape clause) under the eminent jurist prof. Eduard Meijers, who was the father of the Dutch civil code. Soon he worked as a jurist for the Royal Netherlands Steamship Co (K.N.S.M.), publishing about the Law of the Sea.

In 1926 he became judge in Alkmaar. In 1927, he became professor in Commercial and Civil Law in Leiden, a post he would keep for 31 years, But during the German occupation in WW2, it was announced on 23 November 1940 by the Nazi authorities, that all Jewish employees of Dutch Universities were immediately fired, including his promotor Meijers. The faculty of Law in Leiden decided to protest. Cleveringa as the head of the faculty, would replace the cancelled lecture of the fired Eduard Meijers of 26 November 1940 to state their position. As he had a family, and all knew that protesting in public would result in imprisonment, others proposed to do the difficult task instead, but with permission of his wife Dien, he held his famous speech. The speech was stencilled and spread over all universities. The next day the students went on strike and Leiden university was closed. Cleveringa, was arrested and imprisoned from 27 November 1940 till summer 1941 in Scheveningen ("Oranjehotel"). From 5 January till 23 July 1944 he was kept hostage in camp Vught (SS Konzentrationslager Herzogenbusch). Augustus 1944, he became a member of the College van Vertrouwensmannen, that coordinated the Dutch resistance and should help to restore Justice after liberation and prevent chaos when the outrageous civilians would put law into their own hands.

After the war, he was asked for major political functions, but refused them, as did not like the political practice. Till 1958 he was professor in Leiden, till 1963 he was member of the High Council. On 10 May 1946 he was the promotor of Winston Churchill in Leiden. He died on 15 December 1980 in Oegstgeest.

Personal

On 22 August 1922 he married in Den Haag Hiltje Boschloo (22 April 1898, Heerenveen - 8 June 1988, Warmond). They got three daughters: T. Cleveringa, Lutgerdina Afina (Dien) Cleveringa (29. August 1926, Alkmaar; 16. June 2015, Oegstgeest) and Hiltje Cleveringa (24. September 1930, Leiden).

As a professor in Leiden, he had 33 PhD. descendants. On 18 November 2004 The Leiden University paper Mare announced that Cleveringa was elected as the the most important member of Leiden University ever, before Christiaan Huygens, Johan Thorbecke, Lorentz and Kamerlingh Onnes and many others, in a poll that closed 17 November 2004 at 1 PM.


Link to Wikipedia

Relationships

  • business associate/partner relationship with Oort, Jan Hendrik (born 28 April 1900). Notes: Oort supported Cleveringa’s protest
  • friend relationship with Van Kleffens, Eelco (born 17 November 1894). Notes: Friends in Heerenveen and Leiden
  • (has as) teacher relationship with Meijers, Eduard (born 10 January 1880). Notes: Defended his promotor, risking his life
  • (has as) other hierarchical relationship with Churchill, Winston (born 30 November 1874). Notes: promotor in Leiden of Winston Churchill

Events

  • Social : Begin a program of study 16 September 1913 in Leiden (Law in Leiden)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Work : Published/ Exhibited/ Released 16 January 1919 (Thesis: De zakelijke werking der ontbindende voorwaarde.)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Relationship : Marriage 22 August 1922 in Den Haag (Hiltje Boschloo)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Death of Sibling 17 August 1925 in Heemstede (Afina Cecilia)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Family : Adopted a child 29 August 1926 in Alkmaar (Lutgerdina Afina (Dien) Cleveringa)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Family : Adopted a child 24 September 1930 in Leiden (Hiltje Cleveringa)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Social : Institutionalized - prison, hospital 5 January 1944 in Vught (SS Konzentrationslager Herzogenbusch)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Social : Deinstitutionalized - prison, hospital 23 July 1944 in Vught (left hostage Camp Vught)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Relationship : Meet a significant person 10 May 1946 in Leiden (promotor of the PhD Winston Churchill)
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Death, Cause unspecified 15 December 1980 in Oegstgeest
    chart Placidus Equal_H.
  • Work : Published/ Exhibited/ Released 1983 in Leiden (Gedenkschriften (memoirs))

Source Notes

Svi retrieved BC time "des avonds half negen" from on-line municipal archive of Appingedam.

Cleveringa, Rudolph Pabus (1894-1980): KNAW biography

Mr. R.P. (Ru) Cleveringa - Parlement & Politiek


Categories

  • Lifestyle : Work : Same Job more than 10 yrs (30 years professor of Law in Leiden)
  • Vocation : Education : Researcher (International Law, Law of the Sea)
  • Vocation : Law : Jurist
  • Vocation : Law : Legal system employee (Raad van State (Dutch High Council))
  • Notable : Awards : Other Awards (Medal of Freedom)
  • Notable : Famous : Historic figure