|born on||16 November 1811 at 20:00 (= 8:00 PM )|
|Place||Rochdale, England, 53n38, 2w09|
|Timezone||LMT m2w09 (is local mean time)|
|Astrology data||23°37' 01°29 Asc. 24°49'|
British Radical and Liberal statesman, one of the greatest orators of his generation, and a strong critic of British foreign policy.
In partnership with Richard Cobden, he founded the Anti-Corn Law League, aimed at abolishing the unpopular Corn Laws, which protected landowners’ interests by levying taxes on imported wheat, thus raising the price of bread at a time when factory-owners were trying to cut wages. Abolition was achieved in 1846.
Bright also worked with Cobden in another Free Trade initiative, the Cobden-Chevalier Treaty of 1860, promoting closer interdependence between Britain and France. This campaign was conducted in collaboration with French economist Michel Chevalier, and succeeded despite Parliament’s endemic mistrust of the French.
Bright sat in the House of Commons from 1843 to 1889, promoting free trade, electoral reform and religious freedom. He was almost a lone voice in opposing the Crimean War; he also opposed Gladstone’s proposed Home Rule for Ireland.
The phrase ‘Mother of Parliaments’ was coined by Bright.
Bright died at his home One Ash on 27 March 1889.
Sy Scholfield cites birth record quoted in "The Life of John Bright" by Goeorge MaCaulay Trevelyn (London: Constable, 1913): "John Bright was born at Greenbank 'unto Jacob Bright, cotton spinner, and Martha his wife,' 'on the sixteenth day of the eleventh month, one thousand eight hundred and eleven,' as his 'birth-note' tells us. On the back of the birth-note his mother has written the words, 'John was born about 8 o'clock on 7th day evening.'"
- Vocation : Politics : Activist/ political (Co-founder of the Anti-Corn Law League)