Balard, Antoine Jerome

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Name
Balard, Antoine Jerome Gender: M
born on 30 September 1802 at 01:00 (= 01:00 AM )
Place Montpellier, France, 43n36, 3e53
Timezone LMT m3e53 (is local mean time)
Data source
Quoted BC/BR
Rodden Rating AA
Collector: Gauquelin
Astrology data s_su.18.gif s_libcol.18.gif 06°08' s_mo.18.gif s_scocol.18.gif 10°10 Asc.s_leocol.18.gif 08°45'



Antoine Jerome Balard

Biography

French chemist and one of the discoverers of bromine.

He started as anapothecary, but taking up teaching he acted as chemical assistant at the faculty of sciences of his native town, and then became professor of chemistry at the royal college and school of pharmacy and at the faculty of sciences. In 1826 he discovered in seawater a substance which he recognized as a previously unknown element and named bromine. It had been independently prepared by Carl Jacob Löwig the previous year and the two are both regarded as having discovered the element.

This achievement brought him the reputation that secured his election as successor to Louis Jacques Thénard in the chair of chemistry at the faculty of sciences in Paris, and in 1851 he was appointed professor of chemistry at the College de France, where he had M.P.E. Berthelot first as pupil, then as assistant and finally as colleague. Balard also had Louis Pasteur as a pupil when Pasteur was only 26 years old. It was in Balard's laboratory that Pasteur discovered the difference between "right-handed" and "left-handed" crystals while he was working with tartaric acid.

Balard died in Paris on 30 April 1876.

While the discovery of bromine and the preparation of many of its compounds was his most conspicuous piece of work, Balard was an industrious chemist on both the pure and applied sides. In his researches on the bleaching compounds of chlorine he was the first to advance the view that bleaching-powder is a double compound of calcium chloride and hypochlorite; and he devoted much time to the problem of economically obtaining soda and potash from seawater, though here his efforts were nullified by the discovery of the much richer sources of supply afforded by the Stassfurt deposits. In organic chemistry he published papers on the decomposition of ammonium oxalate, with formation of oxamic acid, on amyl alcohol, on thecyanides, and on the difference in constitution between nitric ether and sulphuric ether. He also helped Louis Pasteur devise the experiment that would prove spontaneous generation to be false.


Link to Wikipedia biography

Source Notes

Gauquelin vol 2

Categories

  • Vocation : Science : Chemistry
  • Notable : Famous : Founder/ originator (discoverer of bromine)

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